Osteopilus crucialis (Harlan, 1826)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Lophyohylinae > Genus: Osteopilus > Species: Osteopilus crucialis

Hyla crucialis Harlan, 1826, Am. J. Sci. Arts, 10: 64. Holotype: Not stated, but ANSP 2180 according to Crombie, 1973, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 30: 4-6. Type locality: "Jamaica". Refusal to suppress, and placed on the Offical List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 1972, Anonymous, 1977, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 33: 170-171.

Trachycephalus lichenatus Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 362. Holotype: not stated, but possibly in the BMNH. Type locality: "Summit of Bluefields Mountain, Jamaica". Synonymy by Trueb and Tyler, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 24: 41 (who considered Hyla crucialis a nomen oblitum); see Crombie, 1973, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 30: 4-6.

Trachycephalus anochlorus Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 366. Holotype: not stated but possibly in the BMNH. Type locality: "Jamaica". Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 370.

Hyla lichenataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 370.

Calyptahyla lichenataTrueb and Tyler, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 24: 41.

Calyptahyla crucialisSchwartz and Thomas, 1975, Spec. Publ. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., 1: 13.

Osteopilus crucialisHenderson and Powell, 2003, In Henderson and Powell (eds.), Islands and the Sea: 13.

English Names

Lichened Tree-toad (Trachycephalus lichenatus [no longer recognized]: Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 362; Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 171).

Green-backed Tree-toad (Trachycephalus anochloros [no longer recognized]: Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 366).

Harlan's Antilles Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 52).

Distribution

Central Jamaica, below 1200 m elevation.

Comment

See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 264. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 85, summarized the natural history literature.

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