Hyla orientalis Bedriaga, 1890

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla orientalis

Hyla arborea var. orientalis Bedriaga, 1890 "1889", Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, N.S.,, 3: 473. Syntypes: Not stated, presumably originally ZMM. Type locality: "Charkow [= Kharkov, Ukraine], [and] Tultscha", Romania.

Hyla arborea schelkownikowi Chernov, 1926, Bull. Sci. Inst. Explor. Caucase Nord, 1: 70. Syntypes: Deposition not stated but MNKNU 26237 noted as a surviving syntype and designated lectotype by Vedmederya, Zinenko, and Barabanov, 2009, Russ. J. Herpetol., 16: 205. Type locality: Stpanavan, Armenia, and Kutaisi, Georgia. Lectotype from "Kutais" (= Kutaisi, Georgia) according to Vedmederya, Zinenko, and Barabanov, 2009, Russ. J. Herpetol., 16: 205. Distinctiveness from Hyla arborea arborea rejected by Schneider, 2004, Z. Feldherpetol., Suppl., 5: 9. Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024, noted that the status of this taxon needed to be elucidated. Gvoždík, Moravec, Klütsch, and Kotlík, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 1161, presented additional molecular evidence for this synonymy.

Hyla arborea gumilevskii Litvinchuk, Borkin, Rosanov, and Skorinov, 2006, Russ. J. Herpetol., 13: 199. Holotype: ZISP 2451, by original designation. Type locality: "Lenkoranka River, about 38°44 N 48°51 E, Lenkoran District, south-eastern Azerbaijan". Synonymy by Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024.

Hyla orientalisStöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024.

Hyla (Hyla) orientalis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Shelkovnikov's Tree Frog (Tuniyev, 1999, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 56).

Eastern Tree Frog (Stöck, Dufresnes, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Biollay, Berroneau, Borzée, Ghali, Ogielska, and Perrin, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 1-9).

Caucasian Treefrog (Arekelyan, Danielyan, Corti, Sindaco, and Leviton, 2012, Herpetofauna of Armenia: 42).

Oriental Tree Frog (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 266).  

Distribution

Anatolian Turkey (possibly to northeastern Greece) to European Turkey and thence north to Romania and through Ukraine to southwestern Russia on the Black Sea; northern Armenia; disjunctly in the Talysh Mountains of Iran (Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan provinces), and Azerbaijan.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Hyla arborea by Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024, where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 248. Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of this species and noted areas of needed elucidation as well as the identify of populations physically situated in the European range between Hyla arborea and Hyla orientalis. See comment regarding the status of Hyla arborea shelkownikowi with respect to Hyla arborea arborea by Tuniyev, 1999, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 56. See account (as Hyla arborea) by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 280-288. Kaya, 2001, Israel J. Zool., 47: 123-134, discussed (as Hyla arborea) distribution in Turkey. Başoğlu and Özeti, 1973, Türkiye Amphibileri: 92-95, provided an account (as Hyla arborea) for the Turkish populations. Schneider, 2001, Zool. Middle East, 23: 61-69, documented the contact zone of Hyla "arborea" (presumably now Hyla orientalis) and Hyla savignyi in southern Turkey. Pikulik, 1996, Zemnavodnyia Pauzuny: 106-108, provided an account (as Hyla arborea) for the Belarus population. Naumov, 2005, Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 57: 391, provided records for Bulgaria (as Hyla arborea). Litvinchuk, Borkin, Rosanov, and Skorinov, 2006, Russ. J. Herpetol., 13: 187-206, discussed genetic distance among populations (as Hyla arborea) in the Caucasus and nearby regions. Gvoždík, 2010, Herpetol. Notes, 3: 41-44, provided a record for Iran and discussed the range in Iran. Gvoždík, Moravec, Klütsch, and Kotlík, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 1146-58, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the species and redelimited the species. Speybroeck, Beukema, and Crochet, 2010, Zootaxa, 2492: 7, noted that only mtDNA supports recognition of this species, while no evidence from morphology or call has been detected to separate this taxon from Hyla arborea. Stöck, Dufresnes, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Biollay, Berroneau, Borzée, Ghali, Ogielska, and Perrin, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 1-9, reported on the genetic diversity among populations and provided a dot map of the range. Arekelyan, Danielyan, Corti, Sindaco, and Leviton, 2012, Herpetofauna of Armenia: 42-43, provided a brief account for Armenia. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. 

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