Dendropsophus minutus (Peters, 1872)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Dendropsophinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus minutus

Hyla minuta Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 680. Syntypes: ZMB 7456 (5 specimens) according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 76; Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 56, reported 6 specimens from Nova Friburgo and 2 from Rio de Janeiro; including ZMB 7456 and possibly two unlocated specimens by Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 42. Type locality: "Umgebung von Rio de Janeiro"; rendered as Neu-Freiburg [= Nova Friburgo] and vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 42.

Hyla minutaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 389.

Hyla velata Cope, 1887, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 24: 46. Syntypes: ANSP 12285-91, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353; ANSP 12285 designated lectotype by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 76. Type locality: "at or near . . . . Chupada [= Chapada dos Guimarães], thirty miles north-east of Cuyabá, and near the headwaters of the Xingu, an important tributary of the Amazon", Mato Grosso, Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 119.

Hyla bivittata Boulenger, 1888, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 1: 188. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.12.86-91 (formerly 88.2.726-731) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 88. Type locality: "Lages, Santa Catharina", Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 119.

Hyla goughi Boulenger, 1911, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1911: 1082. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.13.12 (formerly 1911.9.8.5), 1947.2.13.83 (formerly 1911.9.8.6) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 90, and MZUT An 336 (according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 77); BMNH 1947.2.13.12 designated lectotype by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 76. Type locality: "Trinidad". Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 205.

Hyla pallens Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 212. Syntypes: Not stated, by museum records MNRJ 80-81 and (according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 57) USNM 96197-99. Type locality: "les marais de Rio [de Janeiro] et dans les états voisins", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Given as "Bomsuccesso, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 57. Synonymy by Mertens, 1929, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 40: 287.

Hyla suturata Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 93. Syntypes: MNRJ 227 (4 specimens); MNRJ 227A designated lectotype by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 411. Type locality: "Therezopolis [Teresópolis]—E. do Rio [de Janeiro]", Brazil. Synonymy with Hyla pallens by Myers, 1946, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 55: 12.

Hyla emrichi Mertens, 1927, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 38: 287. Holotype: SMF 21758, by original designation. Type locality: "Monserrat bei Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasilien". Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 119.

Hyla goughi goughiCochran, 1953, Herpetologica, 8: 114.

Hyla minuta bivittataBarrio, 1967, Physis, Buenos Aires, 26: 521-524.

Dendropsophus minutusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 92.

English Names

Lesser Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 56).


Lowlands east of Andes from Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and Trinidad southward through Ecuador, Peru and Brazil to Bolivia, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina, up to 2000 m elevation.


For discussion see Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 133; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 277–280, and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 492-495. See also Donnelly and Myers, 1991, Am. Mus. Novit., 3017: 14–19, and Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 266-267. Cardoso and Haddad, 1984, Cienc. Cult., São Paulo, 36: 1393-1399, discussed geographically coherent acoustic differences among populations. Kaplan, 1994, J. Herpetol., 28: 79–87, suggested that Hyla minuta is a composite of several species. See Olmos, Prigioni, and Achaval, 1997, Acta Zool. Platense, 1: 1–7, for Uruguay record. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 150–151, provided a photo and brief account for Guiana. Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 45-47, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 70-72, provided accounts for the Trinidad and Tobago populations. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 101–104, who noted geographic variation in Bolivia. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 50, provided a brief account and photo. See comments regarding geographic variation in Venezuelan population by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 34. Señaris and Ayarzagüena, 2002, J. Herpetol., 36: 635, reported the species from Cerro Jaua, Bolívar, Venezuela, at 1600 m. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 39, provided a brief account and photograph for the Uruguay population. In the Dendropsophus minutus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 92. See comments by Lynch, 2006, Caldasia, 28: 140. Hawkins, Sites, and Noonan, 2007, Zootaxa, 1540: 61-67, demonstrated on the basis of molecular data that this nominal species is composed of several cryptic species (see comments by Smith, 2008, Zootaxa, 1691: 67-68, on this paper). Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21–26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 8, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 49-50, provided a photograph and brief account (as Hyla minuta). Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 90–91, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 124-125. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 401–402, for brief account and records for Guyana. Oyamaguchi, Okubo, and Pollinger, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 83–86, reported on polymorphic microsatellite loci of potential use for population studies. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 27–31, characterized and pictured the larva and noted that in Bolivia two morphologically distinguishable lineages are discernible. Gehara, Crawford, Orrico, Rodriguez, Lötters, Fouquet, Barrientos, Brusquetti, De la Riva, Ernst, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Glaw, Guayasamin, Hölting, Jansen, Kok, Kwet, Lingnau, Lyra, Moravec, Pombal, Rojas-Runjaic, Schulze, Señaris, Solé, Rodrigues, Twomey, Haddad, Vences, and Köhler, 2014, PLoS One, 9(9): e103958. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103958: 1–16, found on the basis of two mitochondrial genes that this species is likely a complex of species. Moraes, Almeida, Fraga, Rojas-Zamora, Pirani, Silva, Carvalho, Gordo, and Werneck, 2017, ZooKeys, 715: 103–159, reported on specimens from the Serra da Mocidade, state of Roraima, northern Brazil. Oyamaguchi, Oliveira, and Smith, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 120: 363–370, reported on body size variation across the Amazon–Cerrado gradient. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, reported on advertisement call, as Hyla minuta. Freitas, Abegg, Dias, and Moraes, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 59–72, provided a record from the Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, Brazil. Rodriguez, Börner, Pabijan, Gehara, Haddad, and Vences, 2015, Evol. Ecol., 29: 765–785 (and supplemental data), reported on phylogeographic diversity and its causes. 

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