Dendropsophus microcephalus (Cope, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Dendropsophinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus microcephalus

Hyla microcephala Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 281. Syntypes: USNM 13473 (2 specimens), now lost. Type locality: "Chiriqui", Panama; at the time of the description "Chiriqui" included both Atlantic and Pacific versants of extreme western Panama according to Myers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 5. Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 316, restricted the type locality of Hyla underwoodi (a replacement name for this taxon) to "Bebedero, Costa Rica".

Hyla cherrei Cope, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 46: 195. Holotype: Originally No. 253 in the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, possibly now in AMNH, but likely lost. Type locality: "Alajuela", Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 75, on the type locality. Synonymy by Duellman and Fouquette, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 527, and Savage and Heyer, 1969, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 16: 17, and concerns about this synonymy voiced by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 650. Synonymy supported by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 318.

Hyla microcephala Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 481. Not of Cope, 1886. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.23.28-29 (formerly 94.11.15.32-33) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 91. Type locality: "Bebedero, [Cantón de Cañas, Province of Guanacaste,] Costa Rica". Type locality commented on by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 78. Homonym of Hyla microcephala Cope, 1886. Synonymy by Savage and Heyer, 1969, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 16: 1-127.

Hyla underwoodi Boulenger, 1899, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 3: 277, or Boulenger, 1899, Zool. Rec., 35: 27. Replacement name for Hyla microcephala Boulenger, 1898, a junior homonym of Hyla microcephala Cope, 1886.

Hyla cherriiGünther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 165: 264. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyla misera Werner, 1903, Zool. Anz., 26: 252. Holotype: IRSNB 4549, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 73; subsequently reported as IRSNB 1.017 by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 8. Type locality: "Caracas, Venezuela". Synonymy by Fouquette, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 324.

Hyla microcephala martini Smith, 1951, Herpetologica, 7: 187. Holotype: UIMNH 20965, by original designation. Type locality: "Encarnación, Campeche", Mexico. Synonymy by Duellman and Fouquette, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 529.

Hyla microcephala underwoodiDuellman and Fouquette, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 529.

Hyla microcephala miseraFouquette, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 324.

Hyla microcephala cherreiDuellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 856.

Dendropsophus microcephalusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 92.

English Names

Yellow Treefrog (Hyla microcephala: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 23; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 56; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 101).

Underwood's Yellow Treefrog (Hyla microcephala underwoodi: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 23).

Small-headed Treefrog (Hyla microcephala: Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 95; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 11). ).

Yellow Cricket Treefrog (Hyla microcephala: Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 80).

Yellow Treefrog (Dendropsophus ebraccatus cherriei: Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 12).

Distribution

Southeastern Mexico (southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca), through Central America, to northeastern South America (Colombia, Venezuela), thence east through the Guianas and adjacent Brazil; Trinidad.

Comment

For account see; Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 214; Duellman, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 27: 9; and Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 210-217, who recognized five subspecies, and Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 856. See also accounts by Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 95–97; Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 80–81, and Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 101-103. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 313–318, who discussed evidence for the possibility that this species is composite, and placed this species in his Hyla leucophyllata group, Hyla microcephala subgroup. McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 271–275, provided an account. Reports of this species for southeastern Brazil are based on Hyla meridiana and Hyla werneri, formerly regarded as races of Hyla microcephala. Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 42–45 (as Hyla misera), and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 69, provided accounts for the Trinidad population. In the Dendropsophus microcephalus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91–92. Gutsche, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 199, provided a record for Utila I., Honduras. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. Armesto, Esteban, and Torrado, 2009 "2008", Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 5: 57–63, provided a range extension to Norte de Santander, northeastern Colombia. Bolívar-García, Ospina-Sarria, Méndez-Narváez, and Burbano-Yandi, 2009, Check List, 5: 926–928, discussed the range in Colombia. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 216–218, provided a brief summary of natural history of the Central American species, including this one, and provided a range map and photograph. Palacio Baena, Muñoz Escobar, Gallo Delgado, and Rivera-Correa, 2006, Anfibios y Reptiles del Valle de Aburrá: 69–71, provided a brief account and photograph. See account, photograph, and dot map for Colombia by Buitrago-González and Vargas-Salinas, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 2(2): 37–42. 

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