Boana punctata (Schneider, 1799)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana punctata

Calamita punctatus Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 170. Syntypes: In "Museo Academico Upsalensi" (= ZUU) and "Museo Petropolitano" (= ZISP) and frog illustrated by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 71, fig. 3. Type locality: "Surinam".

Hyla punctataDaudin, 1802 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Rain. Gren. Crap., Quarto: 41; Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 208, 214.

Hyla papillaris Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 34. Type(s): Not specifically designated but including animal figured on pl. 8, fig. 2 of the original publication; syntypes formerly in ZSM, now lost, according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 365, and confirmed by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 168. Type locality: "prope Ecgam ad flumen Solimoens" = Ega, Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil. Synonymy by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 208, 226; Günther, 1872, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1872: 662. Synonymy considered doubtful by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 365, and Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 72. See discussion by Heyer, 1977, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 31: 144.

Hyla variolosa Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 34. Type(s): Not designated, but including animal figured in pl. 9, fig. 4 in the original publication; including ZSM 2495/0 (actually 2496/0 according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 170), now lost, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 90, who considered it as holotype thereby making a lectotype designation by implication), and RMNH. RMNH 1879 designated lectotype by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 366, and apparently invalid action given the earlier designation by Duellman. Type locality: "fluminis Amazonum" (= Rio Amazonas), Brazil. Tentative synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 552. Synonymy by Burmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 104; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 357; Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 214, 226. See discussion by Heyer, 1977, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 31: 144.

Hysaplesia punctata —Boie In Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239. See Stejneger, 1937, Copeia, 1937: 139.

Auletris variolosaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201.

Scinax variolosaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201.

Hypsiboas (Scinax) punctataFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30.

Hyla (Hyla) punctataBurmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 104.

Hypsiboas punctatusCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 201.

Hyla rhodoporus Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 488. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens), by original designation; BMNH 1947.2.23.5 (Upper Amazon) regarded as holotype by Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 94, thereby making a lectotype designation by implication; this lectotype designation formalized by Hoogmoed, 1979, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 172: 42. Type locality: "Upper Amazon" and "Surinam"; restricted to "Upper Amazon" by lectotype designation. Synonymy by Peters, 1871, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1871: 403; Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 208; Günther, 1872, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1872: 663.

Hylella pearsei Ruthven, 1922, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 8: 57. Holotype: UMMZ 54639, by original designation and according to Peters, 1952, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 539: 17. Type locality: "Fundación, Santa Marta Mountains, [Departament of Magdalena,] Colombia". Synonymy by Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 222.

Hyla pearseiDunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 516.

Hyla punctata rubro-lineata Lutz, 1951, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 47: 307. Syntypes: AL-MNRJ 4698-99, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 90. Type locality: "Buena Vista, [Departamento Sant Cruz,] Bolivia". Synonymy by Duellman, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 27: 10.

Hyla rubeola Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 225. Holotype: USNM 152751, by original designation. Type locality: "Serranía de La Macarena, Department of Meta, Colombia". Synonymy by Duellman, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 27: 10. Junior homonym of Hyla rubeola Péron, 1807 (species inquirenda and nomen oblitum).

Hyla punctata rubrolineataCei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 482-484.

Hypsiboas punctatusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 88.

Hypsiboas punctatus punctatusBrusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 9, by implication.

Hypsiboas punctatus rubrolineatusBrusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 9.

Boana punctata — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Polka-dot Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 57).

Distribution

Seasonally flooded forest of the Amazon Basin of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil and the Orinoco Basin; central Brazil; Chaco of Paraguay, and Argentina; Guianas, northern Colombia in the Sierra Santa Marta, Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Bolívar, and Sucre), and Trinidad.

Comment

Hyla punctata rubrolineata Lutz, 1951, was considered by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 482-484, to be a distinct species. See Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 365, for discussion. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 136-137, provided a brief account and photo. Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 40-42, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 72-73, provided accounts for the Trinidad and Tobago populations. Chacón-Ortiz and Diaz de Pascual, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 145, provided localities for Venezuela. See comments regarding distribution of Venezuelan population by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 35. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 33, commented on the range in Venezuela. Camargo-Siliet, Rivero, and La Marca, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 282, commented on the range in Venezuela. In the Hypsiboas punctatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 88. Napoli and Cruz, 2005, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 63: 283-288, discussed evidence from calls that suggests that Hyla punctata rubrolineata may be a distinct species, Hypsiboas rubrolineata. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 9-10, briefly discused the range in Paraguay. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 158-159.See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 407, for brief account and records for Guyana. Brunetti, Taboada, and Faivovich, J. Herpetol., 49: 46–52, reported on the extended vocal repertoire. Fouquet, Vacher, Kadosoe, Jairam, and Ouboter, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 63–68, reported the species from the Sipaliwini Nature Reserve, southern Surinam. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 38–39, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva of their Dendropsophus punctatus A from Bolivia, which they suggested is not conspecific with populations from French Guiana. Guarnizo, Paz, Muñoz-Ortiz, Flechas, Méndez-Narváez, and Crawford, 2016, PLoS One, 10(5: e0127312): 1–20, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that two species likely exist in Colombia under this binomial. Taboada, Brunetti, Alexandre, Lagorio, and Faivovich, 2017, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 12: 1–13, discussed fluorescence of this species under UV-A/blue light. 

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