Boana geographica (Spix, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana geographica

Hyla geographica Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 39. Type(s): Not designated, but including animal figured on pl. 11, fig. 1 of the original publication; ZSM 35/0, now lost, according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 370, and confirmed by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 167. Type locality: "flumen Teffé", Amazonas, Brazil.

Hypsiboas geographicaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 200.

Hyla (Centrotelma) geographicaBurmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 99.

Centrotelma geographicaCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 204.

Centrotelma cryptomelan Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 204. Holotype: MCZ 329, by original designation (now MCZ 1530, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 237). Type locality: "Bahia", Brazil; "provàvelmente Salvador", Bahia, Brazil according to Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 24, who discussed the type locality. Synonymy with Hyla punctatissima appendiculata by Parker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 10. Synonymy by Duellman, 1973, Copeia, 1973: 526. Hyla appendiculata Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 349. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.13.1 (Canelos), 1947.2.13.2-3 (Santarém), 1947.2.13.4-5 (Canelos), 1947.2.13.6 (Bahia), 1947.2.13.7 (interior of Brazil), 1947.2.13.8 (Brazil), 1947.2.13.9 (Sarayacu); BMNH 1947.2.13.1 (formerly 80.12.5.168) (Canelos) designated lecotype by Parker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 8. Type localities: "Canelos", Santarém, Bahia, "interior of Brazil", Brazil, and "Sarayacu", Ecuador. Restricted to Canelos, Ecuador, by lectotype designation of Parker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 8.

Hyla cryptomelasBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 350. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name.

Hyla geographicaMüller, 1922, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 33: 170.

Hyla cryptomelanBarbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 237.

Hyla punctatissima appendiculataParker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 10.

Hyla punctatissima punctatissima — Parker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 10.

Hyla geographica punctatissimaParker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 512.

Hyla geographica geographicaParker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 511.

Hypsiboas geographicusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89.

Boana geographica — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Map Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55).

Distribution

Tropical South America east of the Andes, documented with any confidence only from Amazonian Bolivia to extreme western Brazil to about Tefé, Brazil. Associated populations representing an unnamed species in the central Amazon Basin in Brazil, Amazonian Peru and Ecuador and southeastern Colombia. 

Comment

See Duellman, 1973, Copeia, 1973: 526-530, and Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 34-37 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 27–28, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Hyla geographicaDe la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 33, commented on subspecies identity in Bolivia. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 130-131, provided a brief account and photo. Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 35-37, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 67-69, provided accounts for the Trinidad population. In the Hypsiboas semilineatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 170-171, provided an account. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 152-153.See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 405, for brief account and records for Guyana, now presumably assignable to various unnamed species variably associated with Hypsiboas semilineatus and Hypsiboas geographicusMatavelli, Campos, and Andrade, 2014, Check List, 10: 702–705, reported this species in restringa habitats in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 36–38, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva.  Fouquet, Martinez, Zeidler, Courtois, Gaucher, Blanc, Lima, Souza, Rodrigues, and Kok, 2016, Zootaxa, 4084: 79–104, provided a molecular tree of the Hypsiboas geographicus/semilinatus clade and noted several unnamed species. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.