Boana Gray, 1825

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana
92 species

Boana Gray, 1825, Ann. Philos., London, Ser. 2, 10: 214. Type species: Rana boans Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy. Coined as a subgenus of Hyla according to Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 17.

Hysaplesia Boie in Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 234. Type species: "Hyla punctata Daudin" (= Calamita punctatus Schneider, 1799), by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1937, Copeia, 1937: 139. Not Rana tinctoria Daudin, 1802 (= Rana tinctora Cuvier, 1797), by subsequent designation of Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 651 (as Hylaplesia Boie, 1827); these authors refer to the type species of "notre Dendrobate" but do not designate a type species of Hylaplesia Boie contra Dubois, 1982, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 39: 268. Suppressed for purposes of the Principle of Priority but not for those of the Principle of Homonymy by Anonymous, 2009, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 66: 103–105. Synonymy with Boana by Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 7. 

Hylaplesia —Boie in Schlegel, 1827, Isis von Oken, 20: 294. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Hysaplesia Boie, 1826.

Hypsiboas Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 200. Type species: Hyla palmata Daudin, 1802 (= Rana boans Linnaeus, 1758), by subsequent designation by implication of Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24 (not monotypy as stated by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24).

Auletris Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201. Type species: Rana boans Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 75. Synonymy with Hyla by Wiegmann, 1832, in Wiegmann and Ruthe (eds.), Handbuch der Zool., Amph.: 201; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 542; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

Lobipes Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30. Type species: Hyla palmata Daudin, 1801 (= Rana boans Linnaeus, 1758), by original designation. Synonymy with Hyla by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 131.

Hypsipsophus Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30. Type species: Hyla xerophilla Duméril and Bibron, 1841 (= Hyla crepitans Wied, 1824), by original designation. Synonymy with Hyla by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 93.

Phyllobius Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30. Type species: Hyla albomarginata Spix, 1824, by original designation. Primary homonym of Phyllobius Schoenherr, 1824 = Coleoptera. Synonymy with Hyla by Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 57.

Centrotelma Burmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 97. Type species: Hyla infulata Wied, 1824 (= Hyla albomarginata Spix, 1824); by implication o Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24 (not monotypy as stated by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24). Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

Hylomedusa Burmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 102. Type species: Hyla crepitans Wied, 1825, by subsequent designation by implication of Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24 (not monotypy as stated by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 24). Synonymy with Hyla by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

Cinclidium Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200. Type species: Cinclidium granulatum Cope, 1867 (= Rana boans Linnaeus, 1758), by monotypy. Primary homonym of Cinclidium Blyth, 1842 = Aves. Synonymy with Hyla by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

Cophomantis Peters, 1870, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1870: 650. Type species: Cophomantis punctillata Peters, 1870 (= Hyla geographica Spix, 1824), by monotypy. Synonymy with Hyla by Peters, 1873 "1872", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 772; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337.

Cincloscopus Cope, 1871 "1870", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 11: 554. Replacement name for Cinclidium Cope, 1867.

BoanaDuellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 860. 

BoanaWiens, Fetzner, Parkinson, and Reeder, 2005, Syst. Biol., 54: 727. Treatment as a genus or unranked taxon within Hyla; not clear in context. 

Boana — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 17. Recognition as a genus. 

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Hyla palliata Cope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 47. Holotype: Formerly Smithsonian Museum (USNM) 6225, by original designation; now lost according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 81. Type locality: "Paraguay". COMMENT: This name has not been assigned to any known species (W. E. Duellman in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 145). Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 24, briefly discussed that this name could apply to any number of species of Hypsiboas.

Hypsiboas hypselops Cope, 1871 "1870", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 11: 554. Type(s): Not stated, presumably originally in ANSP or USNM or possibly in the Philadelphia Museum. Type locality: "Pebas, Equador", Departamento Loreto, Peru. * Hyla hypselopsBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 353. ENGLISH NAME(S): Pebas Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55). DISTRIBUTION: Known only from the type locality (Pebas) in northeastern Peru. COMMENT: Name not associated with any known species (W.E. Duellman IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 137). Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 354, stated that the species is distinguished from Hyla crepitans by its acuminate snout, larger eye, and anterior femoral bands and on that basis is here considered a nomen dubium, likely based on some species of Hypsiboas.

English Names

Gladiator Frogs (Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 303).

Wagler Neotropical Treefrogs (Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 162).

Distribution

Tropical Central and South American from Nicaragua to Argentina; Trinidad and Tobago.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Hyla (as Hypsiboas) by Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 85, where it had been placed by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 542; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 337. Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 75, placed Hypsiboas within Cophomantini and recognized the Hypsiboas albopunctatus group, Hypsiboas benitezi group, Hypsiboas faber group, Hypsiboas pellucens group, Hypsiboas pulchellus group, Hypsiboas punctatus group, and Hypsiboas semilineatus group. Faivovich, Garcia, Ananias, Lanari, Basso, and Wheeler, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 32: 938-950, provided a phylogenetic analysis of molecular characters of the Hyla pulchella group, showing that the Hyla polytaenia group is imbedded within it. For this reason they considered the Hyla polytaenia group to be part of the Hyla pulchella group. Cruz and Caramaschi, 1998, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 392: 1-19, restricted the Hyla polytaenia group (and transferred other former members to the Hyla pulchella group) and provided accounts for its members. Savage, 2002, Copeia, 2002: 546, recommended recognition of Dendropsophus for the 2N = 30 "Hylas" and Boana for the Hyla boans group. Garcia, Vinciprova, and Haddad, 2003, Herpetologica, 59: 360, disputed the unification of the Hyla pulchella and Hyla circumdata groups as proposed by Napoli in an unpublished dissertation, as did Faivovich, Garcia, Ananias, Lanari, Basso, and Wheeler, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 32: 938-950. Duellman, De la Riva, and Wild, 1997, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 3: 1-41, provided a discussion of the Andean species (as Hyla). Pyburn and Hall, 1984, Herpetologica, 40: 366-372, supplied a key to species of the former Hyla geographica group. Antunes, Faivovich, and Haddad, 2008, Copeia, 2008: 170-190, provided a phylogenetic tree for the Hypsiboas pulchellus group and suggested that the Hypsiboas polytaenius clade is not monophyletic. Köhler, Koscinski, Padial, Chaparro, Handford, Lougheed, and De la Riva, 2010, Zool. Scripta, 39: 572-590, reported on the phylogenetics of the Hypsiboas pulchellus group. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, suggested that the Hypsiboas punctatus group and Hypsiboas benitezi group are not monophyletic (but see comment under Hylinae). Funk, Caminer, and Ron, 2011, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 279: 1806-1814, suggested they had discovered 7 unnamed species in Amazonian Ecuador and adjacent Peru, as well as Surinam and French Guiana on the basis of molecular markers, morphology, and acoustic data. Caminer and Ron, 2014, ZooKeys, 370: 1-68, reported on the phylogenetics of the Hypsiboas calcaratus species complex.  Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 17, discussed the issue at some length and arrived at the conclusion that Boana was the appropriate generic name for the taxon.

Contained taxa (92 sp.):

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