Pseudacris nigrita (LeConte, 1825)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Acridinae > Genus: Pseudacris > Species: Pseudacris nigrita

Rana nigrita Le Conte, 1825, Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York, 1: 282. Type(s): Not designated; likely originally deposited in ANSP. Gates, 1988, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 416: 1, suggested that ANSP 2211–14 and USNM 5935, 234482, 234486 may be syntypes. Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 509, report a specimen donated by LeConte to the MNHNP (type?) from "Georgia", USA. Type locality: None given; designated as "the vicinity of Riceborough, Liberty County, Georgia", USA by Harper, 1935, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 48: XXX; designated as "Liberty County, Georgia", USA, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 74. Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 509, report a specimen donated by LeConte to the MNHNP (type?) from "Georgia", USA. See discussion by Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 351. 

Acris nigritaDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 509.

Cystignathus nigritusHolbrook, 1842, N. Am. Herpetol., Ed. 2, 4: 107.

Pseudacris nigritaFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 31; Stejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 31.

Chorophilus nigritusBaird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 59. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 352, regarded the original publication date to be 1856, but see Fox, 1913, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia,, Index, 1812-1912: vii–xiv.

Chorophilus verrucosus Cope, 1877, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 87. Holotype: ANSP 10773, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353. Type locality: "Volusia, [on the east side of the St. John's River, perhaps 5 miles southeast of Lake George, Volusia County,] Florida", USA. Synonymy by Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 338.

Hyla verrucosaBrocchi, 1881, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 1): 43. ; by implication Noble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5. Secondary homonym of Hyla verrucosa Daudin IN Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801 "An. X", Hist. Nat. Rept., 2: 186.

Chorophilus nigritus verrucosusCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 338. Provisional suggestion.

Pseudacris verrucosusNoble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 1.

Hyla nigritaNoble, 1923, Am. Mus. Novit., 70: 5, by implication.

Pseudacris nigrita nigritaStejneger and Barbour, 1933, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 3: 31. Schwartz, 1957, Am. Mus. Novit., 1838: 11.

Pseudacris nigrita verrucosaBrady and Harper, 1935, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 48: 108.

Pseudacris nigrita verrucosaSchwartz, 1957, Am. Mus. Novit., 1838: 11.

Hyla (Pseudacris) nigrita floridensis Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 88. Replacement name for Chorophilus verrucosus in Hyla (Dubois, 1982, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 16: 9-65).

Pseudacris (Pseudacris) nigritaFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 351. 

English Names

Black Tree Frog (Pseudacris nigrita: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 23).

Black Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita: Wright, 1932, Life Hist. Frogs Okefinokee Swamp, 2: 13).

Chorus Frog (Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 158).

Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 63; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 12; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 20; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 18).

Swamp Tree Frog (Pseudacris nigrita: Dickerson, 1906, The Frog Book: 157).

Swamp Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita nigrita: Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x).

Black Winter-Frog (Pseudacris nigrita nigrita: Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 55).

Swamp Tree Frog (Pseudacris nigrita nigrita: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 74).

Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita nigrita: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 74; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 330; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 63; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12).

Striped Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita nigritaCrother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 12).

Florida Winter-Frog (Pseudacris nigrita verrucosus: Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 56).

Florida Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita verrucosus: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 75; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 330; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 63; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12;  Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: : 12).

Distribution

Atlantic Coastal Plain from southeastern Virginia and west-central North Carolina to southern Mississippi and southern Florida, USA.

Comment

In the Pseudacris nigrita group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 106. Two subspecies recognized; for discussion see Smith and Smith, 1952, Am. Midl. Nat., 48: 165–180, and Schwartz, 1957, Am. Mus. Novit., 1838: 1–12. Gates, 1988, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 416: 1–3, provided an account. Dubois, 1982, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 16: 9–65, placed Pseudacris as a subgenus of Hyla, and thereby made Hyla verrucosus Latreille in Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801 "An. X", Hist. Nat. Rept., 2: 186 (a nomen dubium, possibly senior to Hyla versicolor), a subjective senior homonym of Chorophilus verrucosa Cope, 1877, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 89 (= Pseudacris nigrita verrucosa); Dubois provided the replacement name Hyla (Pseudacris) nigrita floridana. Moriarty and Cannatella, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 30: 409–420, rejected the recognition of subspecies. Leja, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 474–475, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 385–390, provided accounts that summarized the relevant literature and range. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 96–99, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 210–212, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. See account of biology and life history in southern Florida by Meshaka and Lane, 2015, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10 (Monogr. 5): 60–63.   

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