Acris blanchardi Harper, 1947

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Acridinae > Genus: Acris > Species: Acris blanchardi

Acris gryllus blanchardi Harper, 1947, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 60: 39. Holotype: CM 26607, by original designation. Type locality: "meadow near Smallen's Cave, Ozark, Christian County, Missouri", USA.

Hyla ocularis blanchardiMittleman, 1947, Am. Midl. Nat., 38: 472.

Acris gryllus paludicola Burger, Smith, and Smith, 1949, J. Tennessee Acad. Sci., 24: 131. Holotype: UIMNH 872, by original designation. Type locality: "five miles west of Sabine Pass in Jefferson County, Texas", USA. Synonymy and rejection of distinctiveness by Gamble, Berendzen, Shaffer, Starkey, and Simons, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 112–125.

Acris crepitans blanchardiConant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 277.

Acris crepitans paludicolaDuellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 2; Rose, Simpson, Forstner, McHenry, and Williams, 2006, J. Herpetol., 40: 428–434.

Acris blanchardiGamble, Berendzen, Shaffer, Starkey, and Simons, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 112.

English Names

Blanchard's Cricket Frog (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 68; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 66; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 318; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 10; Frank and Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 16; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 11; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 6; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 219; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 11; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 6).

Blanchard Cricket Frog (Stebbins, 1985, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 2: 79).

Texas Coast Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans paludicola [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 68).

Coastal Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans paludicola [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 10; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 11; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 6; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 2).

Distribution

Western West Virginia north to central Michigan and adjacent southeastern Ontario (Canada), west through Ohio, northern Kentucky, western Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, southern Wisconsin, southern Minnesota and southeastern South Dakota, thence south through Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, eastern Colorado and eastern New Mexico in the Pecos River valley through Texas to the Rio Grande, with a few records on the Mexican side of the river and on the upper Río Sabinas in northeastern Coahuila, Mexico; except for records in the Delta of Mississippi, and northern Kentucky, the species is found north of the Ohio River and west of the Mississippi River, USA.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Acris crepitans crepitans on the basis of molecular evidence by Gamble, Berendzen, Shaffer, Starkey, and Simons, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 112–125. The morphological distinctiveness of Acris crepitans blanchardi from Acris crepitans crepitans had been rejected by McCallum and Trauth, 2006, Zootaxa, 1104: 1–21. McCallum, 2010, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 5: 119–130, reported on the modeled effects on range by climate change. Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2007, Anf. Rept. Coahuila México: 44–45, provided an account (as Acris crepitans) for Coahuila, Mexico. Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 205–219, provided an account that summarized the literature of the species. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 190–191, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.     

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