Hemisus Günther, 1859

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemisotidae > Genus: Hemisus
9 species

Hemisus Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 47. Type Species: Engystoma guttatum Rapp, 1842, by monotypy.

Kakophrynus Steindachner, 1863, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 48: 191. Type species: Kakophrynus sudanensis Steindachner, 1863, by monotypy. Synonymy by Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 284; Peters, 1882, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique, Zool. 3: 173; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 178.

CacophrynusCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 199. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Kakophrynus Steindachner, 1863.

English Names

Shovel-snouted Frogs (Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 119).

Pig-nosed Frogs (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Shovel-nosed Frogs (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 6; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 210; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 214).

Shovel-snouted Frogs (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Shovelnose Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).

Snout-burrowers (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 119; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 124).

Distribution

Tropical and subtropical Africa south of the Sahara.

Comment

See Laurent, 1972, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 194: 1-67, for the most recent revision of this genus. See Poynton, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 8, and Frost and Savage, 1987, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 33: 24, for nomenclature; Hemisus, although linguistically neuter in gender must be treated as if it were masculine for reason of Article 30.1.3 of ICZN, 1999, Internatl. Code Zool. Nomencl., Ed. 4: 35. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 119-120, provided a key to the species of southern Africa. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 124-125, provided a key and accounts for East Africa. Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 214-221, provided a key and accounts for the species of southern Africa.

Contained taxa (9 sp.):

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