Hemiphractinae Peters, 1862

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemiphractidae > Subfamily: Hemiphractinae
100 species

Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1862: 146. Type genus: Hemiphractus Wagler, 1828.

Hemiphractina — Mivart, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 294.

Amphignathodontidae Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 449. Type genus: Amphignathodon Boulenger, 1882. Synonymy with Hemiphractidae by Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 508-509; and Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Ayarzagüena, Trueb, and Vilà, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 577.

Amphignathodontinae — Gadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139; Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 716.

Hemiphractinae — Gadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139, 210; Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 719.

Hemignathodontinae Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 106. Type genus: Not designated, but including Coelonotus Miranda-Ribeiro, Fritzia Miranda-Ribeiro, Gastrotheca Fitzinger, Opisthodelphis Günther. Unavailable family-group name for reason of not being formulated on a generic name.

Hemiphractidae — Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 18.

Gastrothecinae Noble, 1927, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 30: 93. Type genus: Gastrotheca Fitzinger, 1843. Synonymy with Hemiphractidae by Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 508-509.

Opisthodelphyinae Lutz, 1968, Pearce-Sellards Ser., 11: 13. Type genus: Opisthodelphys Günther, 1859 "1858". Synonymy with Amphignathodontinae by implication by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 18.

HemiphractinaeCastroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 23. 

Distribution

Costa Rica and Panama, northern (excluding Surinam) and western South American southward to northern Argentina and eastern and southeastern Brazil. 

Comment

The sister taxon of Cryptobatrachinae according to Castroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 1–75, who provided a phylogenetic analysis of the group. 

Contained taxa (100 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.