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Occidozyga Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Occidozyga
12 species

Occidozyga Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Algemeene Konst-en Letter-Bode, 7: 103. Type species: Rana lima Gravenhorst, 1829, by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 33.

OoeidozygaKuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Isis von Oken, 10: 475. Incorrect subsequent spelling according to Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 245, and Dubois, 1982, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 4: 269-272.

OccidogynaGray, 1825, Ann. Philos., London, Ser. 2, 10: 215. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Occidozyga Kuhl and Hasselt, 1822.

Houlema Gray, 1831, Zool. Misc., Part 1: 38. Type species: Houlema obscura Gray, 1831, by monotypy. Synonymy by Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 245.

Oxyglossus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 48. Type species: Rana lima Gravenhorst, 1829, by monotypy. Synonymy by Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 33.

OxydozygaTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Occidozyga Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822.

Rhomboglossus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 332. Substitute name for Oxyglossus Tschudi, 1838.

Phrynoglossus Peters, 1867, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1867: 29. Type species: Phrynoglossus martensii Peters, 1867, by monotypy. Synonymy by Stoliczka, 1872, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1872: 101; Inger, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 243; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, and Green, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 243.

Microdiscopus Peters, 1877, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1877: 421. Type species: Microdiscopus sumatranus Peters, 1877, by monotypy. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 6. (although O'Shaughnessy, 1879, Zool. Rec., 14: 12, suggested that Microdiscopus and Oxyglossus "correspond closely").

Oreobatrachus Boulenger, 1896, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 17: 401. Type species: Oreobatrachus baluensis Boulenger, 1896. Synonymy with Phrynoglossus by Smith, 1931, Bull. Raffles Mus., 5: 16.

OxyglossisSmith, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 164. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Osteosternum Wu, 1929, Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc., China, Zool. Ser., 5: 3. Type species: Osteosternum amoyense Wu, 1929, by original designation. Synonymy by Smith, 1931, Bull. Raffles Mus., 5: 16.

English Names

Java Frogs (Occidozyga: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Oriental Frogs (Phrynoglossus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).

Distribution

West Bengal (India) through Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, and Laos, to southern China (southern Yunnan, southern Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, to southern Jiangxi, and eastern Fujian), Vietnam, to Malaya (Malaysia) and Java.

Comment

Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57, placed this in his Subfamily Raninae, Tribe Dicroglossini. Subequent, Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 314-315, modified this to Subfamily Dicroglossinae, Tribe Dicroglossini. In the subfamily Occidozyginae Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, according to Dubois, Ohler, and Biju, 2001, Alytes, 19: 55. Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 9, regarded this group as possibly derived from the Rana cyanophlyctis group of Rana (Euphlyctis). See comment under Rana. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 58-59, considered Euphlyctis (in the restricted sense of being the Ranae hexadactylae of Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 1-226, or the Rana cyanophlyctis group of Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 225-284) to be a subgenus of Occidozyga, transferring it from under Rana. Emerson and Berrigan, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 22-31, regarded this nominal taxon as paraphyletic with respect to Occidozyga. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 59, resurrected Phrynoglossus from synonymy and recognized two species groups noted in the accounts: the Phrynoglossus laevis (now Occidozyga laevis) group (including Occidozyga baluensis, Occidozyga celebensis, Occidozyga floresianus, Occidozyga laevis, Occidozyga magnapustulosa, Occidozyga martensii, Occidozyga semipalmata, and possibly Occidozyga vittata) and the Phrynoglossus borealis (now Occidozyga borealis) group (including Occidozyga borealis and Occidozyga diminutivus). Inger, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 241-246, discussed inconsistencies in the diagnosis of Phrynoglossus, replaced it in the synonymy of Occidozyga, and noted that the species Occidozyga lima (in Occidozyga of Dubois) and Occidozyga baluensis, Occidozyga celebensis, Occidozyga laevis, and Occidozyga semipalmatus (all in Phrynoglossus sensu Dubois) likely formed a monophyletic group. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, and Green, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 243, confirmed the synonymy of Phrynoglossus and Occidozyga.

Contained taxa (12 sp.):

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