Quasipaa boulengeri (Günther, 1889)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Quasipaa > Species: Quasipaa boulengeri

Rana Boulengeri Günther, 1889, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 4: 222. Syntypes: BM (2 specimens); BMNH 1947.2.3.86 designated lectotype by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 44. Type locality: "Ichang" (= Yicheng), Hubei, China.

Rana tibetana Boulenger, 1917, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 20: 414. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.3.63, according to XXX. Type locality: "Yin tsin wau [=Yintsinwan], Wassu State [= Yin Xiu Wan], Tibet", now in part of Sichuan, China. Synonymy by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 153, and Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 44.

Rana (Rana) tibetanaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 8.

Rana (Paa) boulengeriDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1098; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Rana boulengeriInger, Zhao, Shaffer, and Wu, 1990, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 58: 9.

Paa (Paa) boulengeriFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 156; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 273; Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 182.

Paa (Quasipaa) boulengeriDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320.

Rana robertingeri Wu and Zhao, 1995, in Zhao (ed.), Amph. Zoogeograph. Div. China: 52, 54. Holotype: CIB 6885, by original designation. Type locality: "Tiantangba Village, Hechuan Co., Sichuan Province, China, 900 meters". Synonymy by Che, Hu, Zhou, Murphy, Papenfuss, Chen, Rao, Li, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 71. See comment.

Paa (Paa) robertingeriFei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 184.

Nanorana robertingeriChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367 (in error—DRF).

Nanorana boulengeriChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication.

Quasipaa robertingeriJiang, Dubois, Ohler, Tillier, Chen, Xie, and Stöck, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 358; Ohler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Quasipaa boulengeriJiang, Dubois, Ohler, Tillier, Chen, Xie, and Stöck, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 358.

Quasipaa tibetanaOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781. Undiscussed elevation.

Quasipaa (Quasipaa) boulengeriChe, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2.

English Names

Boulenger's Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Spiny-bellied Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 204).

Boulenger's Spiny Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 24).

Hejiang Spiny Frog (Quasipaa robertingeri [no longer recognized]: Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 184).

Distribution

Southern and southwestern China, from the Vietnam border area northward to Sichuan (Hechuan County), soutehrn Shaanxi,  southern Gansu, and east to western Jianxian and southern Hunan, isolate population in southern Shanxi300-1900 m elevation.

Comment

Account (including Rana spinosa) provided by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 263-272. See Rana spinosa. See also account by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 295-299, and (as Rana tibetana) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 70. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 120-122; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 273; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 204-206. See comment under Quasipaa verrucospinosa. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 182-183-184, provided brief accounts and illustrations (as Paa boulengeri and Paa robertingeri). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 110, provided an account (as Paa boulengeri) for Guangxi. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 84-85. Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 71-73, provided an account (as Paa boulengeri) for Shanxi. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 24, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 83-84, provided a brief account (as Paa boulengeri) for Yunnan, China. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Paa boulengeri and Paa robertingeri) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 489, 491. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1351-1361, provided accounts (as Paa boulengeri and Paa robertiningeri) for China, figures, and map, and included this species in their Paa boulengeri group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 360-361 (as Paa boulengeri) and page 372-373 (as Paa robertingeri), provided brief accounts for China including photographs of specimens and habitat. The synonymy of Quasipaa robertingeri may have been premature as Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, did not find Quasipaa robertingeri to be adjacent to Quasipaa boulengeriFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 460-461, provided accounts (Quasipaa boulengeri: 460-461; Quasipaa robertingeri: 466-467), photographs, and range maps for China. Shan, Xia, Zheng, Zou, and Zeng, 2014, Mitochondrial DNA, 25: 83-84, reported the complete mtDNA genome. 

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