Limnonectes macrognathus (Boulenger, 1917)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes macrognathus

Rana macrognathus Boulenger, 1917, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 20: 414. Syntypes: BMNH. Type locality: "Karin Hills, Upper Myanmar, 1300 to 1600 feet, and from the district of the Karin Bia-po", Myanmar.

Rana (Rana) macrognathusBoulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 236, by implication; Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 7.

Rana macrognathus macrognathusSmith, 1922, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 4: 216.

Rana macrognatha macrognathaTaylor and Elbel, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 38: 1054.

Rana (Euphlyctis) macrognathusDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis macrognathusPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Bourretia) macrognathusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 62.

Limnonectes (Elachyglossa) macrognathusOhler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276.

English Names

Karin Hills Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Green Swollen-headed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 128).

Large-headed Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 118).

Distribution

Myanmar in disjunct populations through northwestern and southern peninsular Thailand to northern Malaya, Malaysia (see comment).

Comment

See Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 51; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 395-398, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 265-268, for accounts. Ohler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276, gave a restricted distribution of Myanmar (Karen) and Thailand (Nakhon Si Thammarat). See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 84-86, to compare this species with other ranids of the Sunda Shelf region. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 118-119, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61-74. Lambertz, Hartmann, Walsh, Geissler, and McLeod, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 117–132, compared the head ornamentation of Limnonectes abanus, Limnonectes gyldenstolpei, Limnonectes macrognathus, and Limnonectes plicatellus and suggested that the name Elachoglossa be restricted to this clade. 

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