Fejervarya parambikulamana (Rao, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Fejervarya > Species: Fejervarya parambikulamana

Rana (Tomopterna) parambikulamana Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 391. Holotype: CCB; now lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 154. Type locality: "Parambikulam forests, Cochin State [now part of Kerala], S. India".

Rana (Tomopterna) parambikulamanaDubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 164.

Limnonectes (Fejervarya) paramkibulamanaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61, by implication.

Fejervarya parambikulamanaIskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 71, by implication; Dubois, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 6; Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35; Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 93; Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79. 

Tomopterna parambikulamanaChanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 214.

Zakerana parambikulamanaHowlader, 2011, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 5: 2.

English Names

Parambikulam Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Parambikulam Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 21).

Distribution

Known only from the type locality in the Western Ghats of Kerala, southern India. See comment.

Comment

Tentatively removed from Tomopterna by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 143-159, and considered a synonym of Pyxicephalus rufescens Jerdon, 1853, by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 163-170. Considered incertae sedis within Fejervarya by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61, without discussion. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 214, provided a brief account (as Tomopterna parambikulamana). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 160-161, provided a range, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography (as Tomopterna parambikulamana). Considered a member of Tomopterna by Matsui, Toda, and Ota, 2008 "2007", Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 26: 73, but without discussing evidence. See comments by Kuramoto, Joshy, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2008 "2007", Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 26: 81-105. Purkayastha and Matsui, 2012, Asian Herpetol. Res., Ser. 2, 3: 32, also reported this taxon as "invalid". A very brief characterization (as Fejervarya parambikulamana), photograph, and dot map provided by  Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 52.  

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