Ranitomeya ventrimaculata (Shreve, 1935)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Ranitomeya > Species: Ranitomeya ventrimaculata

Dendrobates minutus ventrimaculatus Shreve, 1935, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 213. Holotype: MCZ 19734, by original designation. Type locality: "Sarayacu, Ecuador".

Dendrobates ventrimaculatusDaly, Myers, and Whittaker, 1987, Toxicon, 25: 1025; Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1.

Dendrobates duellmani Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 69. Holotype: KU 221832, by original designation. Type locality: "San Jacinto, 2 km, nahe der ekuadadorianischen Grenze, Loreto, Peru". Synonymy by Brown, Twomey, and Poelman IN Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 59.

Ranitomeya ventrimaculataGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 171.

Ranitomeya duelllmaniGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 171.

English Names

Amazonian Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 24; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).

Distribution

Amazon drainage of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil, from the foothills of the Andes east to the mouth of the Amazon and north into French Guiana.

Comment

Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1-21, removed this species from the synonym of Ranitomeya quinquevittata (as Dendrobates), where it had been placed by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 33. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 17, provided a brief account as Dendrobates ventrimaculatusLescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 92–93, provided a brief account and photo. Symula, Schulte, and Summers, 2001, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 268: 2415–2421, suggested that Ranitomeya ventrimaculata is composed of two cryptic species, one of which is more closely related to Ranitomeya variabilis. Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 129-134 (Dendrobates ventrimaculatus), 470–471 (Dendrobates duellmani), provided an account. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 504-511, provided an account and placed this species in their Ranitomeya ventrimaculata group. In the Ranitomeya reticulata species group of Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 47, and who provided an account on page 59–61. Estupiñán, Ferrari, Gonçalves, Barbosa, Vallinoto, and Schneider, 2016, ZooKeys, 637: 89–106, suggested on the basis of COI barcodes that cryptic species are likely. 

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