Adelphobates galactonotus (Steindachner, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Adelphobates > Species: Adelphobates galactonotus

Dendrobates galactonotus Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 260. Holotype: NHMW 19189, according to Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 44. Type locality: "Rio do Muría bei Sitio do S'Pedro Gurção, nördlich von Vigia zur F. reguezia [= Freguenzia]", Pará, Brazil. Name attributed by Steindachner to Fitzinger, but clearly Steindachner is responsible for the description.

Dendrobates paraensis Boulenger, 1913, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1913: 1028-29. Syntypes: BMNH (8 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "Para", Brazil. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 34, suggested the the type locality as "provàlvelmente Belém". Synonymy by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 11; Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 27.

Adelphobtes galactonotusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 172.

English Names

Splash-backed Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 22).

Splashback Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).

Splash-backed Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 49).

Splash-backed Poison Frog (CITES).

Distribution

Lowland forests of southern tributaries of the Amazon, from the Rio Tapajós east to the mouth of the Amazon, Brazil.

Comment

See account by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 44-45. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 521-526, provided an account. Hoogmoed and Avila-Pires, 2012, Phyllomedusa, 11: 95-115, reported on color polymorphism (as Dendrobates galactonotus).

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