Colostethus latinasus (Cope, 1863)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Colostethinae > Genus: Colostethus > Species: Colostethus latinasus

Phyllobates latinasus Cope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 48. Type(s): ANSP, lost, according to Barbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 399; USNM 50198 designated neotype by Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 755. Type locality: "Truando region, [Departamento Chocó,] New Granada [=Colombia]"; neotype from "Panamá: Provincia de Darién, Cana". The locality data for the neotype are based on the assumption, now understood to be incorrect, that the ledger entries for USNM 50181–96 also applied to 50197–200. However, it is clear from the original ledger that the only data dittoes from the previous entries were country (Panama) and donor, S. W. Gotte, pers. comm. in Grant, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3444: 20, who discussed and restricted the collection locality of the neotype to "Panama, probably on Cerro Pirre above Santa Cruz de Cana, Darién Province".

Colostethus latinasusCope, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 130. Cope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 131; Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 755; Edwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus latinosusCope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 131. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Phyllobates latinasusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401.

English Names

Truando Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 48).


Known with certainty only from Cerro Pirre above Santa Cruz de Cana, Darién Province, Panama, 1350 to 1475 m elevation; also reported from Juradó municipality in the Departamento Chocó, and the municipality of Tierralta, Departamento Córdoba, Colombia


Peracca, 1904, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 19 (465): 17, considered this a junior synonym of Colostethus pulchellus. See comment by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 643. See account by Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 754–755. This taxon has a complicated and difficult nomenclatural history as discussed by Grant, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3444: 1–24. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 130–131, provided a key to the species in Central America and provided a map for this species. Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2004, in Rangel-Ch. (ed.), Colombia Diversidad Biótica IV: 657, provided the record for Juradó Municipality, Chocó, Colombia. Romero-Martínez and Lynch, 2012, in Rangel-Ch. (ed.), Colombia Diversidad Biótica XII: 680, provided a record for Tierralta Municipality, Córdoba, Colombia. Ibáñez D., Griffith, Lips, and Crawford, 2017, Zootaxa, 4254: 91–101, reported on altitudinal distribution, advertisement call, and molecular comparison to similar sympatric species; these authors did not comment on reports from Colombia.  

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