Allobates brunneus (Cope, 1887)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Allobatinae > Genus: Allobates > Species: Allobates brunneus

Prostherapis brunneus Cope, 1887, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 24: 54. Syntypes: ANSP 11241-61, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 349. Type locality: "at or near . . . . Chupada [= Chapada dos Guimarães], thirty miles north-east of Cuyabá, and near the headwaters of the Xingu, an important tributary of the Amazon", Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Phyllobates brunneusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401. Dunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77; Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 166.

Colostethus brunneusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Allobates brunneusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 162.

English Names

Chupada Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 48).


In the drainage of the Amazon of Brazil from its mouth to southern Amazonas and Mato Grosso, Brazil, and into extreme northern Bolivia.


See comments under Anomaloglossus beebei and Allobates marchesianus. See account (as Phyllobates brunneus) by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 166. Prior to the revision of Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299, this species was placed in the Colostethus brunneus group (Group II) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3-32. Coloma, 1995, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 87: 43, questioned Ecuadorian records. See account by La Marca, 1997 "1996", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 9: 13, of an undescribed species (as Colostethus brunneus) from Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 116-117, commented on the taxonomic confusion. See Gonzales-Álvarez, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000 "1999", Herpetozoa, Wien, 12: 179-186, for the Bolivian record. See comment regarding confusion with Colostethus taeniatus (now Hyloxalus pulchellus) by Rivero and Almendáriz C., 1992 "1991", Politécnica, Quito, 16: 118. Morales, 2002 "2000", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 13: 1-59, considered this species to be in his Colostethus trilineatus group, provided an account for this species, and noted that earlier records from Ecuador, Surinam, Venezuela, French Guiana, and Peru apply to other species. See La Marca, Manzanilla, and Mijares-Urrutia, 2004, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 1: 40-50, for discussion of populations confused with this species in Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Latino Am., 9: 7, reported on distribution and relevant literature. Lima, Caldwell, and Strüssmann, 2009, Zootaxa, 1988: 1-16, redescribed the species. Barrio-Amorós and Santos, 2009, Phyllomedusa, 8: 97, suggested that records of Allobates brunneus from Mount Duida, Venezuela, apply to an undescribed species.

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