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Dendrobates Wagler, 1830

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Dendrobates
5 species

Hysaplesia Boie In Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 234. Type species: "Hyla punctata Daudin" (= Calamita punctatus Schneider, 1799), by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1937, Copeia, 1937: 139. Not Rana tinctoria Daudin, 1802 (= Rana tinctora Cuvier, 1797), by subsequent designation of Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 651 (as Hylaplesia Boie, 1827); these authors refer to the type species of "notre Dendrobate" but do not designate a type species of Hylaplesia Boie contra Dubois, 1982, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 39: 268. Suppressed for purposes of the Principle of Priority but not for those of the Principle of Homonymy by Anonymous, 2009, Opin. 2223, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 66: 103–105.

Hylaplesia —Boie In Schlegel, 1827, Isis von Oken, 20: 294. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Hysaplesia Boie, 1826.

Dendrobates Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 202. Type species: Rana tinctoria Cuvier, 1797, by subsequent designation of Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 651. Considered a replacement name for Hylaplesia Boie, 1827 (= Hysaplesia Boie, 1826), by Dubois, 1982, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 39: 268; see comments by Holthius, 1983, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 40: 197–198. Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Anonymous, 2009, Opin. 2223, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 66: 103–105.

Eubaphus Bonaparte, 1831, Giorn. Arcad. Sci. Lett. Arti, Roma, 49: 75 (reprinted as &lt. Rana tinctoria Shaw, by monotypy. Synonymy by Dubois, 1982, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 39: 272.

Hyloplesia Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. Zool., Fasc. 12: 190. Unjustified emendaiton of Hylaplesia Boie, 1827.

Dendromedusa Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Replacement name for Hylaplesia Boie, 1827 (= Hysaplesia Boie, 1826).

Incertae Sedis

Dendrobates riverimus Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 21. Type(s): Not designated, but presumably in R. Schulte Collection. Type locality: Not designated. Nomen nudum. See Lötters and Vences, 2001 "2000", Salamandra, 36: 247-260.

Dendrobates enigmaticus Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 146. Type(s): Not designated, but presumably in R. Schulte Collection. Type locality: Not designated. Unavailable name by reason of being coined provisionally. See Lötters and Vences, 2001 "2000", Salamandra, 36: 247-260.

Dendrobates fantasticus-imitator Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 21. Type(s): Not designated, but presumably in R. Schulte Collection. Type locality: Not designated. Nomen nudum. See Lötters and Vences, 2001 "2000", Salamandra, 36: 247-260.

English Names

Poison Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).

Poison Arrow Frogs (CITES).

Poison Dart Frogs (CITES).

Dart Poison Frogs (Myers).

Distribution

Southern Nicaragua through Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia to Guianas and adjacent Brazil; introduced into Hawaii, USA.

Comment

For accounts see Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21); Myers and Daly, 1980, Am. Mus. Novit., 2692: 20; Myers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 1; and Myers, Daly, and Martínez, 1984, Am. Mus. Novit., 2783: 19; and Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1-21. See Dubois, 1982, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 39: 267-277, for nomenclatural discussion. Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche, discussed the species of Peru (now parsed among non-Dendrobates genera) and provided a number of species groups; his arrangement was discussed and criticized by Lötters and Vences, 2001 "2000", Salamandra, 36: 247-260. Symula, Schulte, and Summers, 2003, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 26: 452-475, provided a phylogenetic tree for Amazonian Dendrobates. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed previous results but adopted an out-dated taxonomy. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 131–136, provided a key to the species of Dendrobates and Oophaga (as Dendrobates) in Central America and provided map and photographs of the species.

Contained taxa (5 sp.):

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