Colostethinae Cope, 1867
Colostethidae Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 191. Type genus: Colostethus Cope, 1866.
Calostethina — Mivart, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 293. Incorrect subsequent spelling and reranking of Colostethidae Cope, 1867, as a subfamily.
Calostethidae — Cope, 1875, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1: 7. Incorrect subsequent spelling.
Mato Grosso do Sul and Goias throughout most of Amazonian South America to the eastern slopes of the Andes from Bolivia to Venezuela; southwestern Costa Rica to southwestern Ecuador along the Pacific coast and into the Andes and inter-Andean valleys of Colombia.
Santos, Coloma, Summers, Caldwell, Ree, and Cannatella, 2009, PLoS Biol., 7(3)e56: 44, rejected the recognition of this taxon on the basis of undisclosed evidence and assertion. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon.
Contained taxa (68 sp.):
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