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Thoropa Cope, 1865
Thoropa Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 110. Type species: Cystignathus missiessii Eydoux and Souleyet, 1842, by monotypy.
River Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 85).
Eastern and southeastern Brazil.
See Bokermann, 1965, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 37: 325-400, and Cocroft and Heyer, 1988, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 101: 209-220, for discussion and key to species. Resurrected from the synonymy of Eupsophus by Lynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 5, where it had been placed by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 8: 67, and Myers, 1946, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 55: 11. Considered to be a member of Batrachylini (Telmatobiinae) by Lynch, 1978, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 72: 42, but transferred into the Cycloramphinae by Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 691-693. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 211, placed Thoropa in its own family, Thoropidae, the sister taxon of Dendrobatidae (sensu lato). Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 154, subsequently placed Thoropidae in the synonymy of Cycloramphidae. Fitzpatrick, Brasileiro, Haddad, and Zamudio, 2009, Mol. Ecol., 18: 2877-2896, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the Thoropa miliaris complex.
Contained taxa (6 sp.):
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