Ceratophrys aurita (Raddi, 1823)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratophryidae > Genus: Ceratophrys > Species: Ceratophrys aurita

Bufo auritus Raddi, 1823, Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, 19: 71. Type(s): Not stated, although presumably MZUF. Type locality: "Montagne d'Estrella, a due giornate circa da Rio-janeiro", Brazil. Given by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 18, as "Serra da Estrela, Inhomirin, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil.

Rana macrocephala Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 671. Types: Not designated. Type locality: "Brasiliens". Given as "Lago da Arara on the lower Rio Mucuri" Brazil, by  Vanzolini and Myers, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 77. Synonymy by W.R. Heyer (personal commun.) See comments by Vanzolini and Myers, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 76. 

Ceratophrys varius Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 673. Types: Specimens not designated but including specimens figured by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: Pl. 72, figs. 1-2. Type locality: "Brasilien"; restricted to "Itabapuana, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 26. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1965, Neotropica, 11: 12.

Ceratophrys dorsata Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 673. Types: Not designated. Type locality: Not stated beyond obviously being between Bahia and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; given as "aus der Urwäldern am Itabapuana-Fluss im Staate Rio de Janeiro", by Müller, 1927, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 40: 268. See Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 25, for comments on type locality. Synonymy (with Ceratophrys varia) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 232-233, and Cei, 1956, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 3: 41. Synonymy by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 297; Bokermann, 1965, Neotropica, 11: 9-12.

Ceratophrys dorsataWied-Neuwied, 1827, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 10: pl. 45, fig. 1; Schinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 226; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 81; S

Stombus dorsatusGravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 49.

Ceratophris clipeata Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 106. Types: Not designated, presumably deposited in MNHNP, but not recorded there now. Type locality: Not stated; given as Amerique meridionale by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 39. Nomen nudum. Synonymy (with Ceratophrys dorsata) by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 430; Cei, 1956, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 3: 41.

Ceratophrys clypeataCocteau, 1835, Mag. Zool., Guérin, 5: pl. 8, fig. 2. 

Ceratophrys variaCocteau, 1835, Mag. Zool., Guérin, 5: pl. 8, fig. 2.

Ceratophryne dorsataSchlegel, 1858, Handl. Dierkd., 2: 57.

Ceratophrys auritaBokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 18.

Ceratophrys (Ceratophrys) auritaLynch, 1982, Syst. Zool., 31: 166-179.

English Names

Wied's Frog (Ceratophrys varia [no longer recognized]: Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 63).

Wied's Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 78).

Brazilian Horned Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 78; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Distribution

Minas Gerais and Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Comment

See account (as Ceratophrys varia) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 232-234, and (as Ceratophrys aurita) by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 289. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 69, provided a brief account and photo. Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227, suggested that Ceratophrys aurita is the sister taxon of Ceratophrys joazeirensis

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