Cornufer vitianus (Duméril, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratobatrachidae > Subfamily: Ceratobatrachinae > Genus: Cornufer > Species: Cornufer vitianus

Hylodes vitianus Duméril, 1853, Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 3, 19: 177. Syntypes: MNHNP 4887 (3 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 41. Type locality: "Archipel des îles Viti", Fiji Islands.

Halophila heros Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 423. Holotype: Not stated; USNM 14539 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 49. Type locality: "Sebukea, Fiji Islands". Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 49, noted that Sebukea was given as Levuka in Wilkes' narrative of the expedition. Synonymy by Barbour, 1923, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 75: 114.

Platymantis vitianusGünther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 327. Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 93; Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 120. By reference to Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 2-3.

Hylodes (Halophilus) herosCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Hylodes (Halophilus) vitianusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Platymantis unilineata Peters, 1869, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 447. Syntypes: ZMB 6507 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 49. Type locality: "Gross Viti" (= Great Viti Island), Fiji Islands. Synonymy by Barbour, 1923, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 75: 114.

Cornufer vitianusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 110. Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 3.

Cornufer unilineatusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 111.

Rana (Platymantis) vitianusGuibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 40.

Cornufer herosCochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 49.

Platymantis vitianaGünther, 1999, Mitt. Mus. Naturkd. Berlin, Zool., 75: 327-328, by implication. Unjustified emendation according to Kraus and Allison, 2007, Zootaxa, 1485: 29-30.

Cornufer (Cornufer) vitianus — Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 149. 

English Names

Viti Wrinkled Ground Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 105).

Fiji Land Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 119).

Fiji Ground Frog (Morrison, 2003, Field Guide Herpetofauna Fiji: 22).

Distribution

Fiji Islands (now restricted to Ovalau, Gau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, and Viwa; extirpated from Viti Levu and Nanua Levu, and Bequa).

Comment

See Gorham, 1965, Zool. Beitr., Berlin, 11: 381-435. Morrison, 2003, Field Guide Herpetofauna Fiji: 22-23, provided an account, map, and photograph. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Platymantis vitiana) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 499. Zug, 2013, Rept. Amph. Pacific Is.: 59–60, provided a brief account and photograph and noted an unnamed species on Taveuni. 

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