Cornufer Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratobatrachidae > Subfamily: Ceratobatrachinae > Genus: Cornufer
57 species

Cornufer Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 28. Type species: Halophila vitiensis Girard, 1853, by subsequent designation of the International Commission (Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222), which also endorsed precedence of Platymantis over Cornufer when considered subjective synonyms. Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222.

Phyllodytes Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Replacement name for Cornufer Tschudi, 1838. Preoccupied by Phyllodytes Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 202.

Halophila Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 423. Type species: Halophila vitiensis Günther, 1859, by designation ofDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 247. Preoccupied by Halophila Gray, 1843, in Dieffenbach (ed.), Travels in New Zealand, 2: 292. Synonymy with Cornufer by Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 372.

Ceratobatrachus Boulenger, 1884, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1884: 212. Type species: Ceratobatrachus guentheri Boulenger, 1884, by monotypy.

Halophilus — Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 372. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Halophila Girard, 1853.

Discodeles Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 238. Type species: Rana guppyi Boulenger, 1884, by subsequent designation ofBoulenger, 1918, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 43: 114. Coined as a subgenus of Rana.

Palmatorappia Ahl, 1927 "1926", Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1926: 113. Type species: Hylella solomonis Sternfield, 1918, by original designation.

Hypsirana Kinghorn, 1928, Rec. Aust. Mus., 16: 130. Type species: Hypsirana heffernani Kinghorn, 1928, by monotypy. Synonymy with Palmatorappia by Mertens, 1929, Zool. Anz., 80: 266-268.

Ceratobatrachus —  Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 143. Treatment as a subgenus of Cornufer

Discodeles —  Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 143. Treatment as a subgenus of Cornufer

Palmatorappia —  Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 143. Treatment as a subgenus of Cornufer

Potamorana Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 149. Type species: Rana bufoniformis Boulenger, 1884. Coined as a subgenus of Cornufer

Aenigmanura Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 152. Type genus: Platymantis papuensis schmidti Brown and Tyler, 1968. Coined as a subgenus of Cornufer

Batrachylodes Boulenger, 1887, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1887: 337. Type species: Batrachylodes vertebralis Boulenger, 1887, by monotypy. Synonymy by  Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: XXX. 

Batrachhylodes — Palacky, 1898, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 374-382. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Triangle Frogs (Ceratobatrachus: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Webbed Frogs (Discodeles: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Solomon Islands Palmate Frogs (PalmatorappiaBrown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 152).

Solomon Islands Sticky-toed Frogs (BatrachylodesBrown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 152).

Sticky-toed Frogs (BatrachylodesFrank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Solomon−Bismarck river frogs (PotamoranaBrown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 150).

Distribution

Fiji, Admirality and Bismarck Islands, Moluccas, and all of the Solomon Island chain (both the Solomons and Papua New Guinea), except for San Cristobal.

Comment

See comments under Platymantis with which this taxon was long confused.  Brown, 1965, Breviora, 218: 1-16, provided a key to the species of the Solomon Islands (as Platymantis).  Brown and Tyler, 1968, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 81: 69-86, reviewed the species, as Platymantis, from New Britain. Zweifel, 1969, Am. Mus. Novit., 2374: 1-19, reviewed the New Guinea species, as Platymantis.  Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 83-84, discussed the paraphyly of nominal Platymantis at the time on morphological grounds and possibility of a generic partition, as well as providing a key to the species of New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, New Britain, and the Solomons (all of which are now in Cornufer).  Köhler, Schultze, Günther, and Plötner, 2008, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 46: 177-185, reported on the genetic diversity and relative phylogenetics of Platymantis (these species now assigned to Cornufer) in western New Guinea.  Pikacha, Morrison, and Richards, 2008, Frogs Solomon Islands: 45-56, provided a key and brief accounts for the species of the Solomon Islands (as Platymantis). Discodeles, now a subgenus of Cornufer, was first recognized as a genus by Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 523 (but, who implicitly did not include the Indian species in the taxon, which are now Indirana). Norris in Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 80, suggested that recognition of Discodeles renders Platymantis paraphyletic. This result was corroborated by Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217-1231. Pikacha, Morrison, and Richards, 2008, Frogs Solomon Islands: 37-42, provided a key and accounts for the species of the Solomon Islands. See comment under PlatymantisBatrachylodes, now a subgenus of Cornufer, was reviewed by Brown and Parker, 1970, Breviora, 346: 1-31, who named new species. Norris in Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 75, suggested that the genus is monophyletic. Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 76, provided a key to the species in the genus. Pikacha, Morrison, and Richards, 2008, Frogs Solomon Islands: 27-34, provided a key and accounts for the species of the Solomon Islands. See comment under Platymantis.

Contained taxa (57 sp.):

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