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Vitreorana ritae (Lutz, 1952)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Vitreorana > Species: Vitreorana ritae

Centrolene ritae Lutz in Lutz and Kloss, 1952, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 50: 658. Types: Formerly in MNRJ, now destroyed according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 195. MCZ 96522 (the holotype of Centrolenella ametarsia) designated neotype by Cisneros-Heredia, 2013, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 5: B1. Type locality: "Benjamin Constant, Alto Solimões", Estado do Amazonas, Brazil. Neotype from "the headwaters of Río Caiwima, a tributary of the Río Amayaca-Yacu, ca. 70 km NNE Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia (approximately 3°20′S, 70°20′W)". 

Centrolenella oyampiensis Lescure, 1975, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 100: 386. Holotype: MNHNP 1973.1673, by original designation. Type locality: "village Zidok (Haut-Oyapock), Guyane française".

Centrolenella ritae — Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 195.

Cochranella ritae — Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 23.

Centrolenella ametarsia Flores, 1987, J. Herpetol., 21: 185. Holotype: MCZ 96522, by original designation. Type locality: "the headwaters of Río Caiwima, a tributary of the Río Amayaca-Yacu, ca. 70 km NNE Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia (approximately 3°20′S, 70°20′W)". Synonymy with Centrolenella oyampiensis by Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2008, Zootaxa, 1815: 28.

Cochranella ametarsia — Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 21. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 365.

Cochranella oyampiensis — Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 22.

Vitreorana oyampiensis — Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 39.

"Cochranella" ritae — Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 58.

Vitreorana ritae — Cisneros-Heredia, 2013, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 5: B1. 

 

English Names

Rita's Cochran Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Zidok Cochran Frog (Vitreorana oyampiensis [no longer recognized]: (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Headwater Cochran Frog (Cochranella ametarsia [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Distribution

Known from two localities in the Amazonian lowlands (below 300 m elevation) of Orellana Province, eastern Ecuador; Amazonas, Colombia, and one locality in Amazonian Peru (Loreto); southern Guyana, eastern Surinam, and French Guiana, south to central Amazonia near Manaus, Brazil.

Comment

In the Cochranella ocellata group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. Placed in the Cochranella spinosa group by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 365. See comment under Cochranella resplendens. Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 39, suggested that this is a likely senior synonym of Vitreorana oyampiensis. Cisneros-Heredia, 2013, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 5: B1, made the formal synonymy. 

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