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Vitreorana eurygnatha (Lutz, 1925)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Vitreorana > Species: Vitreorana eurygnatha

Hyla (Hylella) eurygnatha Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 138. Holotype: Not stated; by museum records AL-MNRJ 973-5, according to W.E.Duellman IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 80. Type locality: "Serra da Bocaina", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Given as "Fazenda do Bonito, Serra da Bocaina, São José do Barreiro, São Paulo", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 50.

Centrolenella eurygnathaLutz, 1947, Copeia, 1947: 243.

Cochranella eurygnathaTaylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1633.

Cochranella bokermanni Taylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1641. Holotype: MZUSP 328, by original designation. Type locality: "[Parque Nacional do] Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. See comments on type locality by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 27. Synonymy by Heyer, 1978, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 32: 15.

Cochranella delicatissima Taylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1640. Holotype: USNM 96562, by original designation. Type locality: "Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Synonymy by Heyer, 1978, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 32: 15.

Cochranella divaricans Taylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1643. Holotype: USNM 96562, by original designation. Type locality: "Serra da Bocaina, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Given as "Fazenda do Bonito, Serra da Bocaina, São José do Barreiro, São Paulo", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 27. Synonymy by Heyer, 1978, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 32: 15.

Cochranella petropolitana Taylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1637. Holotype: USNM 101135, by original designation. Type locality: "Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil". Synonymy by Heyer, 1985, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 36: 1-21.

Cochranella surda Taylor and Cochran, 1953, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 1630. Holotype: USNM 96916, by original designation. Type locality: "Passo Quatro, Minas Geraes [= Passa Quatro, Minas Gerais], Brasil". Synonymy by Heyer, 1978, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 32: 15.

Centrolenella bokermanniDuellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 187.

Centrolenella delicatissimaDuellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 188.

Centrolenella divaricansDuellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 188.

Centrolenella surdaDuellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 195.

Hyalinobatrachium eurygnathumRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 24.

Vitreorana eurygnathaGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 39.

English Names

Rio Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Distribution

Highlands of southeastern Brazil  in southern Santa Catarina to extreme eastern Minas Gerais, to Bahia; isolated record from the municipality of Luziânia, Goiás, Brazil. 

Comment

In the Hyalinobatrachium parvulum group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. See account by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 250-251. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 32, provided a brief account and photo. Freitas, Silva, and Argôlo, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 281, provided a record for Bahia and briefly discussed the range in Brazil. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 82, excluded this species from Hyalinobatrachium and it is therefore listed here as "Hyalinobatrachium" eurygnathum to denote that it is not formally attached to any genus within Centroleninae. Freitas, Silva, and Fonseca, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 475, provided a record for northern Bahia, Brazil. Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Ayarzagüena, Trueb, and Vilà, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 574-595, suggested this species to form the sister taxon of a group composed of Cochranella helenae and Cochranella oyampiensis—the Cochranella helenae group by implication. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 66-67, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Cintra, Silva, and Silva, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 587-590, provided a map and and an isolated record from the municipality of Luziânia, Goiás, Brazil. 

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