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Espadarana prosoblepon (Boettger, 1892)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Espadarana > Species: Espadarana prosoblepon

Hyla prosoblepon Boettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: 45. Syntypes: SMF 3756 (formerly 1400.1a, according to Boettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: vi), and ZMB 28019, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 193; SMF 3756 designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 42. Type locality: "Plantage Cairo (La Junta) bei Limon, [Cantón de Siquirres, Provincia de Limón,] atlantische Seite von Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 82, commented on the type locality.

Hylella puncticrus Boulenger, 1896, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 18: 341. Syntypes: BMNH 1896.10.8.70-71, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 193. Type locality: "La Palma" San José Province, Costa Rica. Synonymy by Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Part 166: 280. This synonymy considered only tentative by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 769.

Hylella parabambae Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 125. Holotype: BMNH 1898.4.28.163, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 193. Type locality: "Paramba", Imbabure Province, Ecuador. Noted elsewhere in the original publication as "Paramba, a farm on the W. bank of the River Mira, at 3500 feet altitude; it is still in the forest region, but the open country commences two or three miles higher up the Mira". Synonymy by Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 49.

Hyla ocellifera Boulenger, 1899, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 3: 277. Holotype: BMNH 1898.5.19.3 (formerly 98.5.19.3) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 93. Type locality: "Paramba, [Provincia Imbabura,] N. W. Ecuador". Synonymy by Cisneros-Heredia and Yánez-Muñoz, 2007, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 2: 6; Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 36, 42.

Centrolene prosobleponNoble, 1924, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 37: 66.

Centrolene parambaeDunn, 1933, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 73. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Cochranella parabambaeTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 35.

Cochranella ocelliferaTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 35.

Centrolenella parabambaeGoin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 6.

Centrolenella ocelliferaGoin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 6.

Centrolenella prosobleponGoin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 5.

Centrolene prosobleponRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 20.

Cochranella ocelliferaRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 22.

Espadarana prosobleponGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 33.

English Names

Nicaragua Giant Glass Frog (Centrolene proboblepon: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Emerald Glassfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 47). 

Paramba Cochran Frog (Cochranella ocellifera [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Distribution

Eastern Honduras and north-central Nicaragua; Costa Rica, Panama, and Pacific slopes of Colombia and Ecuador, sea level to 1900 m elevation. Also found on the northern and eastern flanks of the Eastern Andes south to Caldas, and the Magdalena Valley and western slopes of the central Andes of Colombia.

Comment

Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 49, discussed variation and synonyms. In the Centrolene prosoblepon group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 361-362 (as Centrolenella prosoblepon) and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 201-206. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2005, Check List, 1(1): 19-20, discussed the range in Ecuador and provided new localities. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, detailed the departmental distribution in Honduras. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 60, discussed the species in Ecuador and noted the relevant literature. Cisneros-Heredia and Yánez-Muñoz, 2007, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 2: 6, noted that the record of Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 49, from Pilalo, on the eastern slope of the Cordillera Oriental of the Ecuadorian Andes is actually of an unnamed species. Kubicki, 2007, Glass Frogs Costa Rica: 98-11, provided an account for Costa Rica (as Centrolenella prosoblepon). See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189-202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Osorio-Dominguez and Quintero-Angel, 2012, Check List, 8: 85-90, provided a record for the western slope of the Cordillera Central of Colombia. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 47–49, provided an account for Ecuador. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 117–127, compared the centrolenid species of Central America and provided an identification key, maps, and photographs. 

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