Vandijkophrynus gariepensis (Smith, 1848)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Vandijkophrynus > Species: Vandijkophrynus gariepensis

Bufo gariepensis Smith, 1848, Illust. Zool. S. Afr., 3 (Part 27): pl. 69, figs. 2 and 2a. Syntypes: BMNH 58.11.25.157, 58.11.25.160-163; BMNH "d. Young." designated lectotype by Boulenger, 1881 "1880", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1880: 565 (unless this represents a lot designation). Branch and Braack, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 21, referred to BMNH 58.11.25.157 as representing the type (an implied lectotype designation). Type locality: "banks of the Orange (Gariep) river", Rep. South Africa.

Bufo garipiensisSteindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 41. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Bufo tuberculosus Bocage, 1896, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 4: 119. Syntypes: MBL (2 specimens) by original indication; on of these, MBL T.6-335 (the other syntype lost), presumed destroyed in 1978 fire, designated lectotype by implication of being listed as "holotype" by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 18. Type localities: "Linokana (Transvaal)" and "pays des Bechuanas"; restricted to Linokana [=Dinokana], North West Province, Rep. South Africa, by lectotype designation. Synonymy by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 45. Preoccupied by Bufo tuberculosus Risso, 1826 (= Bufo bufo).

Bufo Granti Boulenger, 1903, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 12: 215. Syntypes: "numerous specimens"—BMNH and MCZ 2332-24 (on exchange from BMNH according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 231). Type locality: "Deelfontein a camp in the Richmond district, 32 miles belw De Aar and 25 east of Victoria West .... on the sides at the bottom of a well at Deelfontein [near Richmond, Northern Cape Province, Rep. South Africa] . . . . others were taken on the veldt". Synonymy with Bufo tuberculosus by Nieden, 1914, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1914: 368. Synonymy by Hewitt and Methuen, 1912, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 3: 107-111; Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158.

Bufo gariepensis nubicola Hewitt, 1927, Rec. Albany Mus., 3: 412. Holotype: AMG; AMG 5227 (now PEM A2513) according to Branch and Braack, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 20, who considered this a lectotype by their designation even though Hewitt specifically referred to a single specimen as 'Type' and this had been noted by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: XXX. Type locality: "the summit of Mont-aux-Sources (11,500 ft.)", Lesotho.

Bufo nubicolusFitzSimons, 1948, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 21: 79. Incorrect subsequent spelling (treating a noun in apposition as an adjective).

Bufo gariepensis nubicolusPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 48. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Vandijkophrynus gariepensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 366.

English Names

Gariep Toad (Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 88; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 3; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 64; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 39).

Karroo Toad (Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 102; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 98; Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 112; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 3; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 64; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 39; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 70; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 178).

Mountain Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 39).

Drakensberg Toad (Bufo gariepensis nubicola: Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 113).

Distribution

Southern Namibia east to the Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg and south to the uplands of the Cape Fold Mountains, Rep. South Africa; Lesotho; Swaziland.

Comment

In the Bufo gariepensis group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 62. In the Bufo angusticeps group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158. See Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 464-465, for discussion of subspecies and taxonomic characters. Branch and Braack, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 20, suggested that Bufo nubicola might be specifically distinct. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 70, and Bates, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 63-65 (who noted that this name may cover a number of cryptic species), provided accounts. Bauer and Branch, 2001, Herpetol. Nat. Hist., 8: 126, commented on misidentifications and range in western Rep. South Africa. Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 178-179, provided a brief account. Bates and Haacke, 2003, Navors. Nas. Mus. Bloemfontein, 19: 114-120 discussed the species in Lesotho as well as its subspecific variation. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 158–159, reported on comparative tadpole morphology.

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