Strauchbufo raddei (Strauch, 1876)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Strauchbufo > Species: Strauchbufo raddei

Bufo variabilis var. amurensis Maak, 1859, Puteshestvie na Amur: 153. Types: Not stated; presumably originally in ZISP. Type locality: (translation) "all along the Amur". Questionably a senior synonym of Bufo raddei, according to Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 70. Nomen nudum according to Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 275.

Bufo Raddei Strauch, 1876, in Przewalski (ed.), Mongoliia i strana Tangutov, 2(3): 53. Syntypes: ZISP (8 specimens) according to the orignal; including ZISP 921-925, MCZ 1958 (on exchange from ZISP according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 232). Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 158, designated ZISP 921 as the lectotype. Type localities: "provincia Chinensi, Ordos dicta . . . . nec non in desert Alaschanico", by original designation, = Ordos and Alashan [= Tengger Desert, Nei Mongol, China]. Restricted to Alashan Desert by lectotype designation. See discussion of type locality by Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 158.

Bufo raddiiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 294. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Bufo raddei var. przewalskii Bedriaga, 1898, Wissenschaft. Result. Przewalski Cent. Asien Reisen, 3(1): 48. Holotype: ZISP 2010, according to XXX. Type locality: Lac Kuku-nor [= Qinhai Lake, Qinhai Province, China]; "Dschan-Manzei (zwischen Ssu-tschou [= Jiquan County, Gansu Province, China] und Ju-nan-tschan), aus Pinfun-Tscha und vom Flusse Babo-cho (Nan-schan [Province uncertain, China]). Synonymy by Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 8; Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 128.

Bufo raddei var. pleskei Bedriaga, 1898, Wissenschaft. Result. Przewalski Cent. Asien Reisen, 3(1): 48. Holotype: ZISP 1261, according to Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 94. Type locality: not stated, but China by implication; data provided for ZISP 1261 by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 94, is "Fl. Tola prope Urga"; reported by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 203, as "Tola River near Urga [= Tuul River, Ulan Bataar], Mongolia", although this was questioned by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 129. Synonymy by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 93.

Bufo koslovi Zarevskij, 1924, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. Leningrad, 25: 152. Syntypes: 4 specimens; presumably originally in the ZISP. Type locality: "near the river Edsin-gol in South Mongolia". Synonymy by Gumilevskij, 1936, Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 4: 167-171; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 114.

Bufo brevipes Zarevskij, 1926 "1925", Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. Leningrad, 26: 74-78. Holotype: ZISP 2635, according to XXX. Type locality: "Ji-us-shan [mountains], lake Kuku-nor [= Qinghai Hu]", Qinghai Province, China. Synonymy by Gumilevskij, 1936, Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 4: 167-171; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 114. Type locality discussed by Borkin and Matsui, 1987 "1986", in Anajeva and Borkin (eds.), Sistematika i ekologiia amfibii i reptilii: 52. Junior secondary homonym of Hylaplesia brevipes in Bufo.

Bufo viridis asiaticus Pavlov, 1932, Publ. Mus. Hoang Ho Pai Ho, Tien-Tsin, 11: 8. Types: Mus. Hoang ho Pai ho (now Tianjin Natural History Museum. Tianjin), by original designation. Type locality: Siao K'iao pan, Ordos S. [province uncertain]; Tchang kia tschoang, Tcheuly, S.-E. (Tianjin Shi); and Ien tsin [=Tianjin Shi], China. Nomen nudum and primary homonym of Bufo vulgaris asiaticus Steindachner, 1867. Synonymy by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 129.

Pseudepidalea raddeiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

"Bufo" raddeiFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. See comment.

Strauchbufo raddei — Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 262, 597.

Strauchophryne raddei Borkin and Litvinchuk, 2013, Trudy Zool. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 317: 531. Type species: Bufo raddei Strauch, 1876, by original designation. 

Strauchibufo raddei — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 785. Incorrect subsequent spelling of generic name. 

English Names

Tengger Desert Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Mongolian Toad (Borkin and Kuzmin, 1988, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Amph. Rept. Mongolian P. Rep.: 248; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 275;  Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 782 ).

Siberian Toad (Liu, 1931, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 5: 53; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 138).

Siberian Sand Toad (Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 27).

Piebald Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 138).

Radde's Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 41).

Distribution

Northern Xinjiang and northwestern Gansu east through northern China, south to southern Shaanxi, southern Henan, northern Anhui and Jiangsu, China, through southern, central, and eastern Mongolia, and north to Lake Baikal and Amur River in Russia, and northern Korean Peninsula.

Comment

See Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 203–206, for synonymy and discussion. Also see Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 459–462. See also Hemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34: 349–384. See account by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 188. In the Bufo viridis group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107. See comment under Bufo nouettei. See account by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 275–280. Validity of Bufo raddei, and position rather distant from the Bufo viridis subgroup confirmed by biochemical studies of Maxson, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 579-583; and Mezhzherin and Pisanets, 1995, Genetika, 31: 342-352. Liu, Lathrop, Fu, Yang, and Murphy, 2000, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 14: 423–435, even suggested on the basis of phylogenetic mtDNA analysis that Bufo raddei is not a member of the Bufo viridis group, instead being more closely related to such taxa as the Bufo bufo complex and Duttaphrynus melanostictus; Stöck, Bretschneider, and Grosse, 2001 "2000", Russ. J. Herpetol., 7: 215–226, provided bioacoustic evidence for differences to diploid, triploid and tetraploid taxa of parapatric Bufo viridis subgroup, and reviewed taxonomy in comparison with this and Bufo calamita. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 138–140, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Xinjiang and Mongolian part of distribution discussed by Peters, 1971, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 47: 332 (as Bufo viridis) and and Stöck, 1998, Z. Feldherpetol., 5: 160 (as Bufo nouettei). Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 52-55, provided an account for Shanxi. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 157–176, provided an extensive account. Che, Wen, Zhou, and Halike, 2008, Sichuan J. Zool., 27: 423, reported the species in Xinjiang, China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 236–237, provided a brief account (as Bufo raddei) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Dubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 1-52, rejected the placement of this species in Bufotes. Dong, Che, Ding, Huang, Murphy, Zhao, and Zhang, 2012, Asian Herpetol. Res., Ser. 2, 3: 103–113, reported on Pleistocene biogeography as inducted from coalescent simulations.  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 597, placed it in a monotypic genus, provided an account (pp. 262–263), photographs and range map for China.  Terbish, Munkhbayar, and Munkhbaatar, 2013, Guide Amph. Rept. Mongolia: 13–15, provided a brief account (as Bufo raddei), photograph, and spot map for Mongolia. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 782–788, provided an account, photograph, and dot map for China.   

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