Rhinella quechua (Gallardo, 1961)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella quechua

Bufo quechua Gallardo, 1961, Breviora, 141: 4. Holotype: CM 4225, by original designation. Type locality: "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo echinodes Reynolds and Foster, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 87. Holotype: USNM 257799, by original designation. Type locality: "Parjacti [= Paracti], 83.2 km by road NE Cochabamba on road to Villa Tunari, Chapare Province, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, elevation approximately 2044 m". Synonymy by Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo echinoidesHarvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Chaunus quechuaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Rhinella quechuaChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205.

English Names

Incachaca Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Distribution

Eastern slopes of the Bolivian Andes from Provincia Chapare, Departamento Cochabamba, to Provincia Caballero, Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1900-2600 m elevation.

Comment

In the Bufo ockendeni (= Rhinella veraguensis) group in the original publication, a group recognized by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 203. Although asserted to be a member of Rhinella (as Bufo typhonius group) group by Blair (ed.), 1972, Evol. Genus Bufo, its membership in the Rhinella veraguensis group (as Bufo) was supported by Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 117, and Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. See Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 26-27, noted confusion in the literature with Rhinella rumbolli. See brief account by Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 86-87. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo quechua) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 190.

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