Poyntonophrynus fenoulheti (Hewitt and Methuen, 1912)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Poyntonophrynus > Species: Poyntonophrynus fenoulheti

Bufo fenoulheti Hewitt and Methuen, 1912, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 3: 108. Syntypes: TMP 10877–78 (formerly 508–09) (Woodbush), AMG 1520 (now in PEM) (Newington); Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 466, reported that the holotype (lectotype designation by implication) of this species is in the PEM (the former AMG specimen, presumably); PEM A 825 (former AMG 1520) formally designated lectotype by Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 53. Type localities: "Newington, N.E. Transvaal" and "the Woodbush", Zoutpansberg District, Limpopo Province, Rep. South Africa. Lectotype from "Newington", now Limpopo Privince, Rep. South Africa. 

Bufo fenoulheti obtusum Hewitt, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus., 3: 363. Syntypes: TMP, by original designation. Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 54, noted that one of the syntypes apparently had migrated to the PEM and they designated this specimen, PEM A824 (formerly AMG 1716) as lectotype. Type locality: "Bleskop, Rustenburg district", Limpopo Province, Rep. South Africa.

Bufo vertebralis albiventris Power, 1927, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 14: 418. Syntypes: MMK (originally 8 specimens) and MCZ 15402 (on exchange from MMK according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 85) and apparently at least two specimens in the PEM (formerly of AMG), now labeled PEM A826–27 according to  Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 58. Type locality: "Lobatsi", Botswana. Synonymy by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 63.

Bufo fenoulheti rhodesianus Hewitt, 1932, Ann. Natal Mus., 7: 110. Syntypes: PEM, by original designation. PEM A9079 designated lectotype by  Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 54. Type locality: "on the far Driefontein, near Gwelo", Zimbabwe. Distinctiveness from Bufo fenoulheti fenoulheti rejected by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 63.

Bufo vertebralis grindleyi Poynton, 1963, Ann. Natal Mus., 15: 320. Types: NMZB (formerly UM) 5369, by original designation. Type locality: "floor of the Bundi Valley, Chimanimani Mountains (at 5,300 ft., 1,560 m.), Southern Rhodesia [= Zimbabwe]". Synonymy by Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 471-472.

Bufo vertebralis fenoulhetiPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 63.

Bufo dombensis fenoulhetiMertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 12.

Bufo fenoulheti fenoulhetiPoynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 466.

Bufo fenoulheti grindleyiPoynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 471-472.

Poyntonophrynus fenoulhetiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Transvaal Dwarf Toad (Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 79).

Transvaal Pigmy Toad (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 116).

Newington Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Fenoulhet's Toad (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 66).

Fenoulheti's Pygmy Toad (Bufo fenoulheti fenoulheti: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 61).

Grindley's Pygmy Toad (Bufo fenoulheti grindleyi: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 62).

Northern Pygmy Toad (Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 164).

Distribution

Northeastern South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, western and southern Mozambique, and eastern Botswana into the Caprivi Strip of Namibia (and presumably into adjacent Botswana, Angola, and Zambia) in open bush and grassland and on granite inselbergs.

Comment

Considered by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159, to be a member of the Bufo vertebralis complex, and (following Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 11-12) a junior synonym of Bufo dombensis. See Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 466-472, for discussion of taxonomic history, geographic variation and subspecies. See also Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 66-67, Bates, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 61-62, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 550-551, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 164-165, for accounts.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.