Mertensophryne taitana (Peters, 1878)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Mertensophryne > Species: Mertensophryne taitana

Bufo taitanus Peters, 1878, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1878: 208. Syntypes: ZMB 9298, MCZ 22327 (on exchange from ZMB according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 84); ZMB 9298 designated lectotype (by implication) of Marx, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 36: 429. Type locality: "Taita", Kenya.

Bufo katanganus Loveridge, 1932, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 46. Holotype: BMNH 1920.5.13.2, by original designation. Type locality: "Lofoi, Katanga [Province], Belgian Congo [Dem. Rep. Congo]". Synonymy by Grandison, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 41; Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 156.

Bufo ushoranus Loveridge, 1932, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 45. Holotype: MCZ 10330, by original designation. Type locality: "Ulugu, Ushora, Tanganyika Territory [Tanzania]". Synonymy by Grandison, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 38-42.

Bufo taitanus taitanusBarbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 84; Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 339.

Mertensophryne ushoranusTihen, 1960, Copeia, 1960: 226. Based on specimens of Bufo schmidti, according to Poynton, 1991, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 152: 459.

Bufo ushoranusTandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 157.

Mertensophryne taitanaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Teita Toad (Bufo taitanus: Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 110).

Taita Toad (Bufo taitanus: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 96).

Ushora Toad (Bufo ushoranus [no longer recognized]; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Black-chested Dwarf Toad (Bufo taitanus: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 41; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 96 [alternative name]).

Dwarf Toad (Bufo taitanus: Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 93 [alternative name]).

Taita Dwarf Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 93 [alternative name]).

Distribution

Wooded grassland of Tanzania, southern Kenya, and southward to southeastern Dem. Rep. Congo, Malawi, northern Zambia, and likely adjacent Mozambique, possibly into northern Zimbabwe.

Comment

In the Bufo taitanus complex of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 156. The earless Bufo ushoranus, synonymized by Grandison with Bufo taitanus was considered by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo, to be a distinct species in the related Bufo ushoranus group, which they considered to be close to the Bufo taitanus complex. See Grandison, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 38-42, for synonymy and discussion. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 96, and Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 93-94, provided accounts. Malonza, Lötters, and Measey, 2010, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 99: 55, commented on range, life history, and conservation status in the Taita Hills of Kenya. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 130-131, provided an account for Malawi. Measey, Malonza, and Muchai, 2009, Amph. Taita Hills: 32-34, provided a brief account and photo for the Taita Hills, Kenya. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 147–148, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 124–125, provided a brief account and photograph.

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