Ingerophrynus parvus (Boulenger, 1887)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Ingerophrynus > Species: Ingerophrynus parvus

Bufo parvus Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 19: 346. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.21.72-82 (formerly 86.12.28.42-51), MCZ 2208 (3 specimens, exchanged from BMNH according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 232), and MNHNP 1887.0123, according to R.F. Inger IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 56; MSNG 29413 designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 212 (in error according to Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 190). Type locality: "within a radius of fifty miles from the town of Malacca", Malaysia (Malaya). Lectotype from "Malewoon (Tenasserim)", Myanmar according to Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 212. Lectotype designation rejected by Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 170, inasmuch as the locality data associated with it precludes its inclusion in the original syntypic series.

Bufo parvas Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 73. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ingerophrynus parvusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Lesser Malacca Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Lesser Toad (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 48).

Straight-ridge Toad (Kiew, 1987, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 417).

Red Small Toad (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 73).

Keel-headed Toad (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 73).

Indochinese Dwarf Toad (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 92).

Stream Toad (Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 48).

Distribution

Southern Myanmar and southwestern Thailand south along the peninsula to Malaya, Sumatra, and western Java; southwestern Cambodia.

Comment

See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 329-332, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 181-183, for synonymy and discussion. See also Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 50. Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 58, thought Bufo parvus might be a subspecies of Ingerophrynus biporcatus, but see Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 46. In the Bufo biporcatus group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 34-35. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465-481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 73, provided a brief characterization and photograph (as Bufo parvas). See brief account by Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 48-49, for the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia.Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 7, reported a specimen from the base of Mount Lawit, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and and reported on natural history and life history. 

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