Duttaphrynus scaber (Schneider, 1799)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Duttaphrynus > Species: Duttaphrynus scaber

Bufo scaber Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 222. Syntypes: "Musei Blochiani" (= ZMB); three specimens of which ZMB 3464 was considered holotype by Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 80, and which was designated lectotype by Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 142, who redescribed the specimen. Type locality: "Orientali India". Senior homonym of Bufo scaber Daudin, 1802, and Bufo scaber Duméril and Bibron.

Bufo fergusonii Boulenger, 1892, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 7: 317. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.17 (formerly 92.6.9.3), according to R.F. Inger IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 44. Type locality: "Trevandrum on the Cavalry Parade Ground", Kerala, India. Synonymy by Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 143.

Bufo stomaticus peninsularis Rao, 1920, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 27: 126. Holotype: ZSIC 19176 according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 104. Type locality: "Mavkote and Watekille, Coorg", India. Synonymy by implication of Srinivasulu, Ganesh, and Srinivasulu, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4789.  

"Bufo" scaberFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Duttaphrynus scaberVan Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 4.

English Names

Schneider's Toad (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 19).

Schneider's Dwarf Toad (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 64).

Ferguson's Toad (Bufo fergusonii [no longer recognized]: Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 434; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 38; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

Boulenger's Burrowing Toad (Bufo fergusonii [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 20).

Distribution

Sri Lanka and peninsular India (including Guarata, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu) north to Orissa; an isolated (doubtful) record in Manipur in northeastern India.

Comment

In the Bufo stomaticus group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107. See De Silva, 1955, Spolia Zeylan., 27: 251-253; Bogert and Senanayake, 1966, Am. Mus. Novit., 2269: 1-18; Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 22-24; and Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 62-63. See comment under Bufo atukoralei. See Donahue and Daniel, 1967 "1966", J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 63: 447, for northeastern India record and Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 434, for brief account (as Bufo fergusonii). Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 133-180, discussed the nomenclature of this taxon (and related ones) and included it in a restricted Bufo scaber group. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 21-23, provided a brief account for the Indian population. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 111-113, provided an account. Mathew and Sen, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 293: 21, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 19-21, provided a brief characterization and photographs of a Manipur specimens. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 64, provided a brief account (as Bufo scaber) and color photograph.  Das, Chetia, Dutta, and Sengupta, 2013, Zootaxa, 3646: 336–348, compared this species with other Duttaphrynus from northeastern India. Srinivasulu, Ganesh, and Srinivasulu, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4789, discussed misidentifications that resulted in this species being thought to occur in South India. Padhye, Pandit, Patil, Gaikwad, Dahanukar, and Shouche, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4579–4585, reported specimens from Gujarat and Maharashtra in western India and also reported on its advertisement call. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 30–31, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. 

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