Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Duttaphrynus > Species: Duttaphrynus microtympanum

Bufo microtympanum Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 307, pl. 22, fig. 1. Syntypes: "several specimens" including BMNH 74.4.29.1146-1157 according to A.G.C. Grandison IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 54. BMNH 74.4.29.1146 designated lectotype by Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 152. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality, which could be anywhere within the entire region of the Western Ghats.

Duttaphrynus microtympanumFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Southern Hill Toad (Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 438; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 40).

Small-eared Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 9).

Distribution

Southern India (Tamil Nadu and Kerala) in the southern Western Ghats, possibly extending into adjacent southwestern Karnataka; controversially Nepal (see comment).

Comment

See accounts by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 19-20. See also Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 438. Reported from Nepal by Bahandur Shah and Gruber, 1994, Spixiana, München, 17: 57-61, although otherwise known only from the Western Ghats of southwestern India. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 96, who accepted its presence in Nepal. Nepal material examined by Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 78, and reidentified as Bufo melanostictus x Bufo stomaticus hybrids. Sri Lanka record by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 71-73, based on Duttaphrynus melanostictus according to Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 1998, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 3: 238. Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 152, placed this species in the Bufo melanostictus group. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 50, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 26, provided brief accounts. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 106-108, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo microtympanum) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 188. Ganesh and Asokan, 2010, Hamadryad, 35: 48, noted some misidentifications in the literature. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 34, for brief account for Nepal. Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 36, provided a very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map for South India. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 26–27, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. 

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