Bufotes oblongus (Nikolskii, 1896)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes oblongus

Bufo oblongus Nikolskii, 1896, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 1: 372. Syntypes: ZISP 1952 (2 specimens) according to Nikolskii, 1897, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 2: 337; ZISP 1952.1 designated lectotype by Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: 79, 84. Type locality: "Persia orientali" (= eastern Iran). Given as Ssaman-Shahi mountains in East Persia(= eastern Iran) by Nikolskii, 1897, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 2: 337-338. Restricted by reference to collection itinerary to the city of Birjand (about 32° 55′ N, 59° 10′ E) by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 271. Considered by Boulenger, 1898, Zool. Rec., 34: 31; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 86, to be a junior synonym of Bufo andersonii (= Bufo stomaticus). Provisionally considered distinct without comment by Dubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 350. Provisionally considered to be a senior synonym of Bufo danatensis by Roth, 1986, in Rocek (ed.), Studies in Herpetol.: 128; considered a synonymy by Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: 79. Formerly considered a synonym of Bufo viridis arabicus by Schmidtler and Schmidtler, 1969, Salamandra, 5: 113-123. Considered a distinct tetraploid species by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 271.

Bufo viridis oblongusEiselt and Schmidtler, 1971, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 75: 383.

Bufo danatensis Pisanets, 1978, Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr., 3: 28. Holotype: ZIK AN1 by original designation and according to Pisanets, 2001, Cat. Types Specimens Ukran. Acad. Sci., 1: 91. Type locality: Neighborhood of the Danata village, Kyuren-Dagh mountain ridge, southwestern Turkmenistan. Provisional synonymy (with Bufo oblongus) by Roth, 1986, in Rocek (ed.), Studies in Herpetol.: 128; by implication assumed to be a synonym by Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: 79.

Bufo latastii oblongusHemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34: 377.

Bufo viridis asiomontanus Pisanets and Shcherbak, 1979, Vestn. Zool., Kiev, 1979: 14. Holotype: ZIK Amph. A2, according to Pisanets, 2001, Cat. Types Specimens Ukran. Acad. Sci., 1: 91. Type locality: Arslanbob Nut-tree Station, environs of Uzbek-Gava Village, south-western slopes of Ferganskii Ridge, ca. 1800 m a.s.l., Bazar-Kurgan District, Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan. Synonymy with Bufo danatensis by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 265. Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 306, showed a triploid metaphase and noted that until ploidy level is determined the allocation of this name is questionable. A tetraploid taxon according to Borkin, Rosanov, and Litvinchuk, 2001 "2000", Russ. J. Herpetol., 7: 171-180.

Bufo danatensis danatensisPisanets and Shcherbak, 1979, Vestn. Zool., Kiev, 1979: 11.

Bufo oblongus oblongus — Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 271.

Bufo oblongus danatensisStöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 273.

Pseudepidalea oblongaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo (Pseudepidalea) oblongaRastegar-Pouyani, Kami, Rajabzadeh, and Shafiei, 2008, Iranian J. Anim. Biosyst., 4: 44.

Bufo (Bufotes) oblongusDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment under Bufotes record.

Bufo (Bufotes) oblongus danatensisDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment under Bufotes record.

Bufo (Bufotes) oblongus oblongusDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment under Bufotes record.

Bufotes oblongusFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

Bufotes oblongus danatensisFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

Bufotes oblongus oblongusFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

English Names

Middle Asiatic Toad (Bufo danatensis: Borkin and Kuzmin, 1988, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Amph. Rept. Mongolian P. Rep.: 248; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 264).

Danatea Toad (Bufo danatensis: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 138).

Eastern Persian Toad (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 262). 

Distribution

East of the central Iranian deserts (Khorasan) to the north along the Kopet-Dagh range to Kyuren Dagh (South Khorasan, Khorasan Razavi, Sistan Va Baluchistan, and Semnan provinces) and into the border areas of Turkmenistan.

Comment

In the Bufo viridis group sensu Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo; and in the Bufo viridis subgroup representing the western Central Asian tetraploids according to Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 269 and 271-276, who discussed this tetraploid species, and its complicated and confusing nomenclatural and taxonomic history, redescribed the lectotype, and noted that the relationship of Bufo oblongus oblongus and Bufo oblongus danatensis is not clear. Borkin, Eremchenko, Helfenberger, Panfilov, and Rosanov, 2001, Russ. J. Herpetol., 8: 45-53, discussed the distribution of putative "Bufo danatensis" in Kazakhstan and Kyghyzstan. See preliminary map in Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 308, in connection with Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: App. I. Stöck, Steinlein, Lamatsch, Schartl, and Schmid, 2005, Genetica, 124: 255-272, suggested on the basis of karyology that Bufotes oblongus is an allopolyploid and Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663-689, suggested that this polyploidy has a separate origin than that found in Bufotes pewzowi. Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 144-145, provided an account for Iran. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. A tetraploid species according to Betto-Colliard, Sermier, Perrin, and Stöck, 2015, Heredity, 114: 301. 

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