Bufotes luristanicus (Schmidt, 1952)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes luristanicus

Bufo luristanicus Schmidt, 1952, Nat. Hist. Misc., 93: 1-2. Holotype: ZMUC Field No. 102, by original designation. Given as ZMUC R13221 by Schmidt, 1955, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 117: 198, and this confirmed by museum records (pers. comm. H. Kristensen, 24 Nov. 2010). Type locality: "Shah Bazan [at km 324 of the Trans-Iranian railway], Luristan, Iran". Given as "52 km as the crow flies NE of Dizful", Iran, by Schmidt, 1955, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 117: 198.

Bufo surdus luristanicusSchmidtler and Schmidtler, 1969, Salamandra, 5: 118. Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1973, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 77: 180.

Pseudepidalea luristanicaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo (Pseudepidalea) luristanicaRastegar-Pouyani, Kami, Rajabzadeh, and Shafiei, 2008, Iranian J. Anim. Biosyst., 4: 44.

Bufo (Bufotes) luristanicusDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment under Bufotes record.

Bufotes luristanicusFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6: . Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

English Names

Lorestan Toad (Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 137).

Lorestan Earless Toad ( Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 262). 

Distribution

Foothills of the Zagros Mountains in the provinces of Fars, Kuzestan, Kohgilueyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, and Lorestan, Iran, 750-1200 m elevation.

Comment

In the Bufo viridis group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo, and the Bufo surdus subgroup of Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 262. Removed from the synonymy of Bufo surdus by Anderson, 1985, Encycl. Iranica, 1 (Fasc. 9): 987, and Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 268 (who provided an account), where it had been placed by Schmidtler and Schmidtler, 1969, Salamandra, 5: 118; and Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1973, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 77: 181-243. Schmidt, 1955, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 117: 198, provided a comprehensive morphological description; see also Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 267, who provided photographs of the holotype and a living specimen, as well as an extensive discussion. See maps by Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1973, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 77: 187; Borkin, Rosanov, and Litvinchuk, 2001 "2000", Russ. J. Herpetol., 7: 172; Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 308, and Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: App. I. Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 137-139, provided an account for Iran. Javari and Torki, 2009, Herpetozoa, Wien, 21: 171-178, discussed the morphological variation and habitat preference of this taxon, considering it to be a subspecies of Bufotes surdus (as Bufo) on the basis of morphology, but noting that molecular evidence suggested a species-level distinctiveness. Leviton, Anderson, Adler, and Minton, 1992, Handb. Middle East Amph. Rept.: 143-144, provided a brief account. Fakharzaeh, Darvish, Kami, Ghasemzadeh, and Rastegar-Pouyani, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 168–178, reported on karyology of the Bufotes viridis complex in the southern part of Iran, showing karyotypic differences between Bufotes luristanicus, Bufotes surdus, and Bufotes variabilisSafaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran.  

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