Bufotes latastii (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes latastii

Bufo latastii Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 294. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.21.28-31 (formerly 72.4.17.223-226, 72.4.17.371) and including animal illustrated on pl. 19, fig. 2 of the original publication; BMNH 1947. 2.21.28 designated lectotype by Stöck, Grosse, Schmid, and Steinlein, 1998, Zoology, Jena, 101: 76, and lectotype redescribed by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 293. Type locality: "Ladak" (= Ladakh), India and Pakistan.

Bufo latastii latastiiHemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34: 377. Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295.

Bufo siachinensis Khan, 1997, Pakistan J. Zool., 29: 43. Holotype: BMNH 1990.94, by original designation, although Stöck, Schmid, Steinlein, and Grosse, 1999, Ital. J. Zool., 66: 230 and Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295, cited personal communications from both BMNH ("this number has never been issued") and M.S. Khan to the effect that the specimen is not in the BMNH; presumably it has been retained in Khan's personal collection. Type locality: "seepage pools close to Shinu Village, on the left bank of River Shyok, 140 km east of Skardu, at the foot of Siachin Glacier, Baltistan, northeastern Pakistan, 76.65° E, 35.25° N, elevation 5238 m from sea level"; the veracity of this type locality discussed by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295. Synonymy by Stöck, Grosse, Schmid, and Steinlein, 1998, Zoology, Jena, 101: 76.

Pseudepidalea latastiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo (Bufotes) latastiiDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25.

Bufotes latastiiFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6: . Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

English Names

Ladakh Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42; Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 158; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 10).

Lataste's Toad (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

Vertebral-banded Toad (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 24).

Siachine Toad (Bufo siachinensis [no longer recognized]: Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159).

Distribution

Ladakh and Kashmir, Pakistan and adjacent Tajikistan, Kashmir and Himanchal Pradesh, India, 2600–3000 m elevation, likely to be found in adjacent and intervening Afghanistan.

Comment

In the Bufo viridis group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107, and the Bufo viridis subgroup of Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 291-295, who restricted the name to diploid frogs inhabiting a much smaller region than previously supposed. Hemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34, discussed the confusing taxonomic history of this diploid species, and showed a karyotype. Bioacoustic data were provided by Dubois and Martens, 1978 "1977", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 102: 459-465; and Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: 77-100. For karyotype see Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 292-293. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 24-25, and Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 43, provided a brief accounts (as Bufo latastii). Ficetola, Crottini, Casiraghi, and Padoa-Schioppa, 2010, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 6: 1-12, discussed the habitat in Pakistan of Bufotes latastii (as Bufo). See discussion and map by Ficetola and Stöck, 2016, J. Biogeograph., 43: 703–715. 

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