Bufo cryptotympanicus Liu and Hu, 1962

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufo > Species: Bufo cryptotympanicus

Bufo cryptotympanicus Liu and Hu, 1962, Acta Zool. Sinica, 14 (Supplement): 87, 103. Holotype: CIB 603507, by original designation. Type locality: "San-men of Hua-ping, Lung-shen-hsien, altitude 870 m, Kwangsi [= Guangxi]", China.

"Bufo" cryptotympanicusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Torrentophryne cryptotympanicaYang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 57, by implication.

Torrentophryne cryptotympanicusFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 222. Gender disagreement. 

Bufo (Bufo) cryptotympanicusDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 24.

English Names

Earless Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 126).

Cryptotympanum Toad (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 16).

Hidden-eared Toad (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2009, Herpetofauna Vietnam: 68).

Distribution

Isolated populations on the Guangxi/Hunan border region, and central Guangdong, southern China, 450–870 m elevation; northern Vietnam (Trung Quoc and Lao Cai provinces).

Comment

Related to Bufo burmanus according to the original publication. Presumably in the Bufo melanostictus group according to Inger In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 42, this disputed by Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 136, who suggested that the species appeared similar to members of the Bufo bufo group. Placed in the Bufo cryptotympanicus group (= Bufo stejnegeri group of Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 133–180) by Hu, Jiang, and Tian, 1984, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 3 (1): 77–85. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 126–128, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 98–100, reported this species from Yunnan. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 60, provided an account for Guangxi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 83, provided the Vietnam component of the range statement. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 16, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, suggested that this species is not a member of the monophyletic taxon Bufo (the former Bufo bufo group), but could not allocate this species to any of the other genera either, instead leaving this species in a non-taxon "Bufo" which they denoted as polyphyletic by placing the name in quotation marks. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 57, implied that this species is a member of his Torrentophryne and apparently assigned populations of Bufo cryptotympanicus from Yunnan, China, to his Torrentophryne luchunnica. Whether this was intended, and what the status of populations in Guangdong and Guangxi is remains unaddressed. See comment under Bufo record regarding status of Torrentophryne. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo cryptotympanicus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 611. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 493–496, provided an account and spot map (as Bufo cryptotympanicus). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 222, provided a brief account including photographs, as Torrentophryne cryptotympanicaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 272, provided an account (as Torrentophryne cryptotympanicus), photographs, and range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 815–817, provided an account, photographs, and spot map for China, as Torrentophryne cryptotympanicus.  

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