Atelopus ignescens (Cornalia, 1849)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Atelopus > Species: Atelopus ignescens

Phryniscus ignescens Cornalia, 1849, Vert. Synops. Mus. Mediolanense: 14. Types: Formerly in MSNM, but likely now lost according to Conci, 1967, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 106: 94, and not located by Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 37–38. Type locality: "in locis humidus circa Latacunga prope Quito"; restated as Latacunga (2771 m), Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador, by Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 338. QCAZ specimen designated neotype by Coloma, Lötters, and Salas, 2000, Herpetologica, 56: 304. Neotype from "approximately 20 km (airline) southeast of Latacunga, on road from San Miguel de Salcedo to Lagunas de Anteojos and toward the east, 01° 01′ S, 78° 25′ W, approximately between 3200-3800 m, at the border between Provincias de Cotopaxi and Napo, Ecuador".

Phryniscus laevis Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 321. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens) by original designation. Type localities: "Chili" (apparently in error) and "Panama"; additional specimen and locality ("Quito") given in error by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 43. Synonymy by Jiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 139; Boulenger, 1880, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 5: 41-48 (although subsequently recognized by Boulenger, 1882, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 9: 457-467); Rivero, 1963, Caribb. J. Sci., 3: 103-124; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 125.

Phrynidium laeveCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 196.

Atelopus laevisCope, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 117. Brocchi, 1882, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 2): 96.

Atelopus ignescensJiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 139. Boulenger, 1894, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 14: 374-375; Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 24.

Antelopus laevisOrton, 1876, Andes and the Amazons: 108. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name.

Phryniscus laevis var. laevisBoettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: 22, by implication.

Phryniscus ignescensPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 14. According to Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 267, based on juvenile Chilean specimens of Bufo spinulosus.

Phryniscus laeviaPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 14. According to Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 267, based on junvenile Chilean specimens of Bufo spinulosus.

Atelopus carinatus Andersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 15. Holotype: NHRM 1909, according to Rivero, 1969, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 29: 142. Type locality: "Eastern Ecuador". Synonymy by Rivero, 1963, Caribb. J. Sci., 3: 103-124; Rivero, 1969, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 29: 142; Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 24; recognized by Harding, 1983, Cat. New World Amph.: 56.

English Names

Quito Stubfoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39).

Jambato Toad (Ron, Duellman, Coloma, and Bustamante, 2008, J. Herpetol., 37: 116).

Distribution

Inter-Andean valleys and higher parts of major Andean Cordilleras in Ecuador and (arguably—see comment) in adjacent southern Colombia.

Comment

In the Atelopus ignescens group of Lynch, 1993, Alytes, 11: 77-87. See Rivero, 1963, Caribb. J. Sci., 3: 110-112, for review, and Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 125-127, and Peters, 1973, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 145: 24-27, for synonymy, review, and discussion. Lötters, 1996, Neotrop. Toad Genus Atelopus: 31, quoted Coloma and Salas, and other unpublished data to suggest that nominal Atelopus ignescens was a composite of several species. Coloma, Lötters, and Salas, 2000, Herpetologica, 56: 303-324, discussed the species and noted that the specimens from Colombia could not confidently be assigned to Atelopus ignescens. Ardila-Robayo and Maldonado-Silva, 2004, in Rueda-Almonacid et al. (eds.), Libro Rojo Anf. Colombia: 132-135, provided an account of this Colombian population as Atelopus "ignescens". Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Politécnica, Quito, 25: 105-106, provided distributional data for Ecuador. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 136, who regarded the species as extinct. Almendáriz C. and Rueda-Almonacid, 2005, in Rueda-Almonacid et al. (eds.), Ranas Arlequines: 52, provided a brief account and judged the species to be extinct.

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