Breviceps gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Brevicipitidae > Genus: Breviceps > Species: Breviceps gibbosus

Rana gibbosa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 211. Type(s): Not stated; holotype in NHRM according to Andersson, 1900, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 26: 20. (See Andersson, 1900, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 26 for image of NHRM type.) Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 27, notes specimens in the "Museo regio Suecico", "Academico Upsaliensi", and "[Museum] Gronoviano", so some or all of these specimens might have been available to Linnaeus. Type locality: "Exteris regionibus"; rendered as "Africa" by Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 178.

Bufo gibbosusLaurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 27.

Buffo gibbosusLacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, Quarto ed., 1: Table following page 618 and referencing account on page 599.

Breviceps gibbosusMerrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 178. Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 169; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 53; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 176.

Bombinator gibbosusSchlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239.

Engystoma gibbosaFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 65.

Engystoma dorsatum Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 112. Substitute name for Rana gibbosa Linnaeus, 1758. Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 755.

Bufo (Breviceps) dorsatusCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 111, by implication.

Bufo (Breviceps) gibbosusCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 111, by implication.

Systoma gibbosumWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 205. Parker, 1868, Monogr. Struct. Devel. Shoulder-girdle Stern. Vert.: 69.

English Names

Short-headed Frog (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 170).

Headless Frog (Rana acephala [no longer recognized]: Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 170).

Hunched Toad (Lacépède, 1802, Nat. Hist. Ovip. Quadruped. (Kerr transl.): 310).

Cape Short-head (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 137; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4).

South African Rain Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 174).

Rain Frog (Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 86).

Verruculose Rainfrog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Verruculose Short-headed Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Linnaeus' Short-headed Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Linnaeus' Rainfrog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Cape Rain Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 88; De Villiers, 1988, in Branch (ed.), South Afr. Red Data Book, Amph. Rept.: 46; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 114).

Blaasop (Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 86; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 88).

Jan Blom (Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 88).

Cape Short-head (Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 88).

South African Short-headed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 87).

Giant Rain Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 216).

Distribution

Sandy areas of the Cape Peninsula from Piketberg to the Stellenbosch area, with a population in Newlands (Cape Town), Western Cape Province, Rep. South Africa.

Comment

See accounts by De Villiers, 1988, in Branch (ed.), South Afr. Red Data Book, Amph. Rept.: 46-47, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 216-217, Harrison and Minter, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 177-180, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 114-115. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 446.

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