Strabomantis Peters, 1863

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Strabomantis
16 species

Strabomantis Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 405. Type species: Strabomantis biporcatus Peters, 1863, by monotypy. Synonymy with Hylodes by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 198; with Eleutherodactylus by Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 410. Treated a distinct genus by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 1

Limnophys Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 59. Type species: Limnophys cornutus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, by subsequent designation of Myers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 195-202. Synonymy (with Strabomantis) by Jiménez de la Espada, 1872, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 1: 85. Synonymy (with Hylodes sensu lato) by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 198. Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus by Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10092-10097, where it had been placed by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 55. Synonymy with Strabomantis by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 129.

Ctenocranius Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 49. Type species: Limnophys cornutus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, by original designation, although see identical subsequent designation of Myers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 195-202. Synonymy with Eleutherodactylus by Myers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 198, and Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 55; by implication; with Limnophys by implication of Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10092-10097. Synonymy with Strabomantis by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 129.

Amblyphrynus Cochran and Goin, 1961, Fieldiana, Zool., 39: 543. Type species: Amblyphrynus ingeri Cochran and Goin, 1961, by original designation. Synonymy with Eleutherodactylus by Lynch, 1981, Caldasia, 13: 318; with Limnophys by implication of Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10092-10097. Synonymy with Strabomantis by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 129.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Costa Rica through the wet tropics of Colombia, northern Venezuela, Ecuador, eastern Peru, and western Brazil.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 129, where it had been placed by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 55. See discussion by Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 262-263. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including the species of Strabomantis that penetrate that region. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 1-132, transferred to the genus to Craugastorinae and recognized two species series, noted in the species records. 

Contained taxa (16 sp.):

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