Craugastor fleischmanni (Boettger, 1892)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor fleischmanni

Hylodes fleischmanni Boettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: 27. Syntypes: SMF 1200.2a (3 specimens); SMF 3778 (formerly 1200.2a) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 39. Type locality: "San José, [Canton de San José, Provincia San José,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105–106, commented on the type locality.

Lithodytes euryglossus Cope, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 46: 194-206. Holotype: AMNH 5462 (formerly Museo Nacional de Costa Rica No. 448), according to XXX. Type locality: "San José", Canton de San José, Provincia San José, Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105–106, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 105–122; and Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 268.

Liohyla fleischmanniGünther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Vol. 7, Rept. Batr., Part 156: 222.

Liohyla engytympanum Günther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Vol. 7, Rept. Batr., Part 156: 224. Holotype: BMNH 94.11.15.26, according to XXX. Type locality: "Costa Rica, Monte Redondo", Canton de Asseri, San José, Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 103, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 105–122; and Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 268.

Hylodes euryglossusGünther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 157: 232.

Eleutherodactylus fleishmanniStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Barbour and Dunn, 1921, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 34: 161. Incorrect subsequent spelling. Based on specimens of Eleutherodactylus escoces and Eleutherodactylus ranoides according to Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 271.

Eleutherodactylus punctariolus engytympanumDunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 108.

Eleutherodactylus punctariolus fleischmanniDunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 108. Based on a composite of several members of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group according to Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 269.

Eleutherodactylus fleischmanniTaylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 750.

Eleutherodactylus engytympanumTaylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 753.

Eleutherodactylus euryglossusTaylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 764.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) fleischmanniHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor fleischmanniCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) fleischmanniHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Fleischmann's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).

Distribution

In Costa Rica on the Meseta Central Oriental and Occidental, the Pacific slopes of the volcanoes Poás and Barva, the Atlantic slopes of the volcanoes Irazú and Turrialba and the slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca, 1060–2286 m elevation.

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rugulosus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224. See account by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 271–274. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 250, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 303. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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