Craugastor fitzingeri (Schmidt, 1857)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Craugastorinae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor fitzingeri

Hylodes fitzingeri Schmidt, 1857, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 24: 12. Holotype: KM 1012/1343, lost according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288, who designated LACM 76859 neotype. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 530, discussed reasons for rejecting the neotype designation. Type locality: "Neu-Granada"; expanded by Schmidt, 1858, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 14: 248 to "Cordilleren von Neu-Granada [western Panama] in einer Höhe von gegen 4000′ [Polish feet, therefore = 915 m, according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288]". Neotype from "Panamá: Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Island, near the laboratory".

Hyla grisea Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 485. Holotype: Not stated, although possibly still in USNM; reported as ANSP, lost, by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 296, who designated LACM 76859 neotype. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 530, rejected the neotype designation. Type locality: "Nicaragua". Neotype from "Panamá: Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Island, near the laboratory". Synonymy by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 289–299.

Hylodes (Craugastor) fitzingeriCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Craugastor pulchrigulus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 357. Holotype: USNM 4354, lost, according to Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 296, who designated LACM 76859 neotype. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 530, rejected the neotype designation. Type locality: "Truando", Depto. Chocó, Colombia. Neotype from "Panamá: Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Island, near the laboratory". Synonymy by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 298.

Hylodes (Craugastor) pulchrigulusCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 48.

Hylodes (Craugastor) griseusCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 48.

Lithodytes (Craugastor) griseusCope, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 132.

Leiyla Güntheri Keferstein, 1868, Arch. Naturgesch., 34: 296. Holotype: ZIUG, now destroyed, according to Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 296, who designated LACM 76859 as neotype. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 530, rejected the neotype designation. Type locality: "Costarica". Neotype from "Panamá: Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Island, near the laboratory". Also described as new by Keferstein, 1868, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, 1868: 330. Synonymy by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 289-299. Junior secondary homonym of Hylodes güntheri Steindachner, 1864.

Lithodytes guentheriCope, 1887, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 32: 16.

Liohyla guentheriGünther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 155: 220.

Hylodes nubilus Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 162: 237. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.15.80 (formerly 1902.5.13.29), according to XXX. Type locality: "Costa Rica, [Provincia de San José, Cantón de Escazú,] Escazu", 1000 m. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 90, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 289-299.

Eleutherodactylus fitzingeriStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 385.

Eleutherodactylus nubilusNoble, 1918, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 38: 331. Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 762.

Eleutherodactylus griseusCei, 1956, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 3: 54.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) fitzingeriHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor fitzingeriCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) fitzingeriHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 37.

English Names

Fitzinger's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).

Distribution

Humid lowlands and lower montane forest (0–1200 m) from northeastern Honduras, eastern Nicaragua and south and east throughout both Atlantic and Pacific versants of Costa Rica and Panama, and into northwestern Colombia on the Pacific lowlands and upper basins of the Cauca River Valley. 

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) fitzingeri group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224. See accounts and discussions by Savage, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 298; Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 530-537; Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 240–241 (who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri group, and detailed confusion in the literature with Eleutherodactylus nubilis and Eleutherodactylus ranoides), and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 392–395. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. In the Craugastor fitzingeri species series, Craugastor fitzingeri species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 37, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Estupiñán, Ferrari, Gonçalves, Barbosa, Vallinoto, and Schneider, 2016, ZooKeys, 637: 89–106, suggested on the basis of COI barcodes that cryptic species are likely. 

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