Pristimantis galdi Jiménez de la Espada, 1870

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis galdi

Pristimantis galdi Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 61. Type(s): Not stated; types formerly in MNCN, now lost according to Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 30; reported as MNCN 1603-11603 by Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 180. Type locality: "in Ecuador; ad sylvas vicinas pagi S. Jose de Moti".

Hylodes galdiiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 219.

Hylodes galdiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 219; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 444.

Hylodes Festae Peracca, 1904, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 19 (465): 28. Holotype: MZUT An513, according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 48. Type locality: "San Josè" (= San José de Cuchipamba), Santiago-Zamora Privince, Ecuador, according to Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 348]. Synonymy by Lynch, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 31: 16.

Eleutherodactylus festaeStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 348.

Eleutherodactylus margaritiferStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 348.

Eleutherodactylus galdiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 350.

Hylodes margaritifer Boulenger, 1912, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 10: 189. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.16.78-79 (formerly 1912.11.1.54-55), according to Lynch, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 31: 21. Type locality: "El Topo, R. Pastaz, [Tungurahua Province,] E. Ecuador, 4200 feet". Synonymy by Lynch, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 262-274, and Lynch, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 31: 15.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) galdiLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224.

Pristimantis galdiHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) galdiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 122.

English Names

Espada's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 75).

Distribution

Humid montane forests at elevations of 1000–2100 m on the eastern face of the Cordillera Oriental, the Cordillera del Condor, Ecuador, and one locality in the Province of Bagua, Department of Amazonas, Peru, and another in the Province of Huancabamba, Department of Piura, Peru.

Comment

See accounts by Lynch, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 262–274, and Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 30-31. In the more exclusive Eleutherodactylus galdi group of Lynch, 1996, Copeia, 1996: 103-108. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus galdi group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224. See account by Duellman and Pramuk, 1999, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 13: 1–78. Lehr and Aguilar, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 280-281, provided the record for Piura, Peru. In the Pristimantis galdi species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 122, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus galdi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 620. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 180–181, for brief account. Reyes-Puig, Reyes-Puig, and Yánez-Muñoz, 2013, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 5(2): B5–B13, discussed the altitudinal range in Ecuador.  Brito-M., Batallas-R., and Yánez-Muñoz, 2017, Neotropical Biodiversity, 3: 125–156. provided a record from Morona Santiago, Ecuador and brief natural history notes. 

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