Pristimantis chalceus (Peters, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis chalceus

Phyllobates chalceus Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 609. Syntypes: ZSM 1045/0 (2 specimens), lost, according to Lynch, 1980, Herpetologica, 36: 179, Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 174, and ZMB 7814 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 46. Type locality: "Pastassathal" (= Pastaza Valley); corrected to "Pastassa-Tal [= Pastaza Valley] (Colombia)" by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 402. Locality considered in error by Lynch, 1980, Herpetologica, 36: 175-189.

Syrrhopus chalceusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 197.

Hypodictyon chalceusCope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 383.

Syrrhopus areolatus Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 122. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.15.38-39 according to Lynch, 1980, Herpetologica, 36: 187. Type localities: "Cachabé [= Cachabí], a small village [about 10 miles southeast of Concepción] on the river of that name, on the N.W. Coast, in the Prov. Esmeraldas", Ecuador, and "Chimbo", also noted in the original publication as "Puente del Chimbo, the railway terminus about 70 miles from Guayaquil, at an elevation of about 1000 feet", Ecuador. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 515, discussed Cachabé and noted that it is not the same as San Javier de Cachabí. Synonymy by Lynch, 1980, Herpetologica, 36: 179.

Syrrhophus chalceusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 402.

Syrrhophus areolatusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 402.

Eleutherodactylus areolatusMyers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 198, by implication; Lynch, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 289-300.

Eleutherodactylus chalceusMyers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 198, by implication; Lynch, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 289-300.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) chalceusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154. Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222.

Pristimantis chalceusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2; Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) chalceusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 119. See comment under Pristimantis regarding subgenera. 

English Names

Valley Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).

Copper Rainfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 61). 

Distribution

Chocoan lowlands and adjacent Andean slopes in western Colombia and Ecuador, 10 to 1910 m elevation. 

Comment

Transferred from Syrrhophus to Eleutherodactylus by Lynch, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 291, who provided an account and also placed it in the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group. See comment under Eleutherodactylus scolodiscus. Redescribed (as Eleutherodactylus areolatus) by Lynch, 1970, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci., 73: 177-180. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 79-81. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus diastema group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 227, placed this species in his Eleutherodactylus martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus diastema group. In the Pristimantis chalceus group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 119, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 61–62, provided an account and dot map for Ecuador. 

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