Ischnocnema parva (Girard, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Brachycephalidae > Genus: Ischnocnema > Species: Ischnocnema parva

Hylodes parvus Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 423. Type(s): Not stated; presumably originally in USNM or ANSP. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro, Brazil".

Hylodes (Hylodes) parvusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Eleutherodactylus parvusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Lutz, 1944, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 17: 1.

Leptodactylus pumilio Boulenger, 1920, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 5: 123. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation; BMNH 1947.2.17.35, by museum records. Type locality: "at or near Theresopolis", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Synonymy by Heyer, 1972, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 231: 3.

Phrynanodus nanus Ahl, 1933, Zool. Anz., 104: 29. Holotype: NHMW 18321, according to Lynch, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 875-876. Type locality: "Ostbrasiliens, Itatiaya, Südabhang, in 1000-2000 m Höhe", State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Synonymy by Lynch, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 875-876.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) parvusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 230.

Ischnocnema parvaHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 15; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 28.

English Names

Girard's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 78).

Distribution

Restricted to the vicinity of the city of Rio de Janeiro, with cryptic species inhabiting the coastal plain of eastern São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in southeastern Brazil. See comment. 

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) binotatus series, Eleutherodactylus parvus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 230. See account by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 299-300. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 85, provided a brief account and photo. Siqueira, Ananias, and Recco-Pimentel, 2004, Genet. Mol. Biol., 27: 363-372, compared the karyotypes of Eleutherodactylus binotatus, Eleutherodactylus guentheri, and Eleutherodactylus parvus. In the Ischnocnema parva species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 28, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 58-59, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Gehara, Barth, Oliveira, Costa, Haddad, and Vences, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 112: 68–78, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the Ischnocnema parva complex, noting that the species, Ischnocnema parva, is likely restricted to the type locality with other parts of the nominal range inhabited by unnamed species. 

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