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Ischnocnema oea (Heyer, 1984)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Brachycephalidae > Genus: Ischnocnema > Species: Ischnocnema oea

Eleutherodactylus oeus Heyer, 1984, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 402: 32. Holotype: MNRJ 1244, by original designation. Type locality: "Brazil: Espirito Santo; Santa Teresa".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) oeusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229.

Ischnocnema oeaHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 15; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 27.

English Names

Espirito Santo Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).


Known from the type locality (Santa Teresa, Espirito Santo, 650 m elevation), also ca. 335 km to the southeast at Macaé de Cima, Municipality of Novo Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro, 935 m elevation, and from the Municipality of Muriaé, eastern Minas Gerais, Brazil.


In the Eleutherodactylus guentheri cluster of Heyer, 1984, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 402: 42. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) binotatus series, Eleutherodactylus binotatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229. In the Ischnocnema guentheri species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 27, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus oeus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 621. Silva-Soares, Ferreira, and Costa, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 108, provided the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, record. Mângia, Silva, Sant’Anna, and Santana, 2011, Check List, 7: 164-165, provided a record for eastern Minas Gerais, Brazil, and discussed the range. Hepp and Canedo, 2013, Zootaxa, 3710: 197–199, reported on advertisement and aggressive vocalizations. 

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