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Ischnocnema guentheri (Steindachner, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Brachycephalidae > Genus: Ischnocnema > Species: Ischnocnema guentheri

Euhyas Gravenhorstii Fitzinger, 1861 "1860", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 42: 413. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 57. 

Hylodes Güntheri Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 246. Holotype: NHMW 16515, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 21, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 26. Type locality: "Brasilien"; rendered as "Rio dos Macacos", in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 26, and Kwet and Solé, 2005, J. Herpetol., 39: 532.

Eleutherodactylus guentheriStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Lynn and Lutz, 1946, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 71: 1.

Elosia divisa Wandolleck, 1907, Abh. Ber. Zool. Anthropol. Ethnograph. Mus. Dresden, 11: 4. Types: Not stated; presumably originally in MTD, destroyed according to Heyer, 1984, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 402: 19. Type locality: "Urwäldern von Petropolis", Rio de Janiero, Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 271.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) guentheriLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 225.

Ischnocnema guentheriHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094. Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 15; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 27.

English Names

Guenther's Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 64; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 83).

Steindachner's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 75).

Distribution

Known only from the type locality within the city of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (see comment). 

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus guentheri cluster of Heyer, 1984, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 402: 42. See account by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 296-297. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) binotatus series, Eleutherodactylus binotatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 225. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 83, provided a brief account and photo (at the time including Eleutherodactylus henselii as a synonym). Siqueira, Ananias, and Recco-Pimentel, 2004, Genet. Mol. Biol., 27: 363-372, compared the karyotypes of Eleutherodactylus binotatus, Eleutherodactylus guentheri, and Eleutherodactylus parvus. Kwet and Solé, 2005, J. Herpetol., 39: 521-532, revised this taxon, showing Eleutherodactylus henselii to be a distinct species, and noted another unnamed species within nominal Eleutherodactylus guentheri from Boraceia, São Paulo, Brazil. In the Ischnocnema guentheri species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 27. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 52-53, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Gehara, Canedo, Haddad, and Vences, 2013, Conserv. Genet., 14: 973–982, restricted the name Ischnocnema guentheri to one population within the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and noted that other populations formerly associated with this name in Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Minas Gerais, Brazil, actually represent four unnamed species. 

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